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Science and the Near-Death Experience: How Consciousness Survives Death

Science and the Near-Death Experience: How Consciousness Survives Death

By Chris Carter
Ebook Edition 

The most popular interpretation of survival of consciousness after death is that NDEs are exactly what millions of experiencers have described -- an afterlife reality. NDEs represent evidence of consciousness leaving the body upon death and existing apart from the body. NDEs also provide information about such an afterlife realm (or "dimension" or parallel "universe") where consciousness journeys upon ending its physical existence on earth. In his book, philosopher Chris Carter presents the scientific and philosophic evidence supporting consciousness surviving death through the NDE. This book challenges physicalist arguments against the notion that the mind is the brain.

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Philosophical Evidence of the Afterlife
By Kevin R. Williams, B.Sc.

David ChalmersRene DescartesThe philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the ontology, nature, and relationship of the mind to the body (specifically the brain) which has substantial application to near-death experience (NDE) studies. Within the philosophy of mind, there currently exists a philosophical paradigm "problem" of the mind and brain called the "mind-body problem." It includes the so-called "hard problem of consciousness" which is an attempt to quantify subjective experience such as personal beliefs, desires and emotions separately from objective experience -- objects and events which everyone collectively can experience and observe. The notion of quantifying subjective experience apart from objective experiences in the modern era  was first introduced by philosopher David Chalmers (on the left) in his groundbreaking book, The Conscious Mind. The two central schools of thought on the mind-brain problem are "dualism" and "monism." Dualism found its application into Western philosophy by 17th century philosopher René Descartes (on the right). "Substance dualists" like Descartes argue for the existence in the universe of two fundamentally different kinds of substance: physical matter (such as the brain) and the non-physical (mind or consciousness) with two kinds of properties adhering in those respective substances. "Property dualists" argue that the world is composed of just one kind of substance -- the physical kind -- which exists in two distinct kinds of properties: physical properties and mental properties. In other words, property dualism is the view that subjective mental properties come from certain physical substances within brains. Both substance and property dualism support the philosophy of mind concerning a transcendent consciousness which can survive after the death of the brain and body -- namely through quantum mechanical means (see the Orch-OR philosophy of consciousness). Monism argues that the mind is part of the brain, and that they are not ontologically distinct substances. "Physicalists" argue that only physical substances exist; that the mind is the brain; and that all mental function can be explained purely in terms of the physical processes. For this reason, physicalists believe NDEs to be purely a physical hallucination brought on by brain anomalies. They believe this despite the fact that brain anomalies have been refuted in numerous peer-reviewed studies (see the links below) as the cause of NDEs. "Idealists," such as the 17th century philosopher Baruch Spinoza, developed a monistic philosophy, which was supported by Albert Einstein, and which argued that consciousness exists everywhere (i.e., panentheism). Idealists argue that everything in the universe has a form of conscious (or a simulation) created by the mind and/or a higher-level form of consciousness. The following articles deal with these issues and how it is philosophically possible for the human mind to survive death. Specifically, through some of these articles, you will learn how the "holonomic brain" functions as an audio/visual receiver and quantum computer to allow quantum consciousness to transcend the quantum brain and the quantum universe to survive bodily death (such as during NDEs) in a philosophical form of quantum immortality.

Philosophical Evidence of the Afterlife Index
Articles Related to Philosophy and the NDE
1. Greek Philosopher Plato's Historic NDE
2. Near-Death Experiences of Atheists
3. Skepticism and Near-Death Experience
4. Against Philosopher Keith Augustine's NDE Articles
5. Against Philosopher Keith Augustine's Philosophy of Naturalism
Scholarly Philosophy NDE Papers
1. Why are Out-of-Body Experiences Interesting For Philosophers? - by Thomas Metzinger [PDF]
2. On the Mind / Body Problem: The Theory of Essence - by John Arnette [PDF]
3. Three Cases of NDE: Is It Physiology, Physics or Philosophy? - by Moushumi Purkayastha [PDF]
4. A Theory of Mind and Brain That Solves the "Hard Problem" of Consciousness - by Robert Mays [PDF]
Scholarly Papers from the Journal of Near-Death Studies
1. A Philosopher's View of Near-Death Research - by Carl Becker [Web] [PDF]
2. Letter to the Editor: A Philosopher's View of Near-Death Research - by V. Krishnan [Web] [PDF]
3. Does Paranormal Perception Occur in NDEs? - by Skeptic Philosopher Keith Augustine [Web] [PDF]
4. Rebuttal of Augustine's 'Does Paranormal Perception Occur in NDEs?' - by Bruce Greyson [Web] [PDF]
5. NDEs with Hallucinatory Features -- by Skeptic Philosopher Keith Augustine [Web] [PDF]
6. Rebuttal of Augustine's NDEs with Hallucinatory Features' -- Peter Fenwick [Web] [PDF]
7. Psychophysiological and Cultural Correlates Undermining Survival.. - by Skeptic Keith Augustine [Web] [PDF]
8. Rebuttal of Augustine's 'Psychophysiological and Cultural Correlates.. - by Bruce Greyson [Web] [PDF]
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