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Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy
Evidence of Reincarnation Through Coincidence and Synchronicity
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    by Kevin Williams
 

Dr. John K. Lattimer (1914--2007) was an expert on the Lincoln assassination as well as the Kennedy family's autopsy expert. This is what he had to say about the Lincoln and Kennedy assassinations in his book Kennedy and Lincoln: Medical & Ballistic Comparisons of Their Assassinations: "The assassination of President John F. Kennedy has turned out to be almost a replay of the assassinations of President Abraham Lincoln, point by point. The similarities, coincidences, and associations are so striking as to be worthy of assembling in the epilogue that follows." Dr. Lattimer devoted the entire epilogue of his book (pages 335-365) to these similarities, coincidences, and associations. As you will see in these articles, the evidence is overwhelming.

 
Table of Coincidences Between Lincoln and Kennedy

Their Photos label.

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The Presidents comparison. Their Fathers comparison. Their Mothers comparison.
Their Wives Their Vice Presidents Their Son.Brother comparison.
Their Spiritual Advisors Their Vice President's Successor Their Favorite Poets
Their Superintendent / Secretary Their Vice President's Vice Presidents Their Political Opponents
Their Assistants Their Vice President's Successor's Successor Their Military Chiefs
Their Military Enemies Their Military Intelligence Agents Their Secretaries of State
Their Political Opponents Their Adversaries In War Their War Advisors
Their Bodyguards Their Bodyguards Actresses
Their Assassins Their Assassin's Helper Their Assassin's Connection
Their Concession Operators Their Male Companions Their Female Companions
Their Assassin's Killer Their Assassin's Confronters Their Chierf Justices of the Supreme Court
The Spy Master Wire Tappers Their Biographers Their Nostradamus Prophets
Their Places of Assassination Their Assassination Locations Their Assassins Were Injured in These Theaters
Their Centers for Performing Arts Their Rocking Chairs Their Arlington House
Their Coins Their Curse Books Their Books on Negroes
Face comparison. Comparison with no beard.
Split image comparison. Comparison of eyes, nose and mouth.
Lincoln and Kennedy morph 1 Comparison of droopy eyelids and deviated left eye.
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  PHOTOS:  Andrew Johnson / Lyndon Johnson Facial Comparisons
Vice Presidents face comparison 1 Vice Presidents face comparison 2
Vice Presidents face comparison 3
Face comparison #3
Vice Presidents face comparison 4
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Abraham Lincoln

Their Careers label.

John F. Kennedy

Lincoln's birthplace is a National Monument.

Kennedy's birthplace is a National Monument.

From 1816 to 1830, Lincoln grew up in a place now known as Lincoln City, Indiana where his mother, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, is currently buried.

In 1962, President Kennedy signed a bill preserving the Lincoln City, Indiana, farm site as a U.S. Presidential Memorial called the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial.

Lincoln was the second-born child, his older sibling (Sarah)  having predeceased at the time of his election to the House in '46.

Kennedy was the second-born child, his older sibling (Kathleen) having predeceased at the time of his election to the House in '46.

Lincoln was named after his grandfather.

Kennedy was named after his grandfather.

Lincoln's father's head. Lincoln's father, Thomas Lincoln, owned two 600-acre farms, several town lots, livestock, and horses and was among the richest men in the county.

Kennedy'sa father's head. Kennedy's father, Joseph Kennedy, Sr., got rich in part from the Wall Street Crash of 1929. When Fortune magazine published its first list of the richest people in the United States in 1957, it estimated Joseph Kennedy, Sr. to be between the 9th and 16th richest person in the country.

Lincoln moved a short distance away from his birthplace in early childhood, had a brother (Thomas) born there, and then moved away from their birth state (Kentucky) before the age of ten.

Kennedy moved a short distance away from his birthplace in early childhood, had a brother (Robert) born there, and then moved away from their birth state (Massachusetts) before the age of ten.

Lincoln served in the military as an officer (Captain) in the Black Hawk War.

Kennedy served in the military as an officer (Lieutenant) during World War II. His actions during the war made him a war hero, which proved helpful in his political career. After he became president, his heroics during the war became a cultural phenomenon, inspiring a song, many books, movies, various television series, collectible objects, scale model replicas and toys.

Lincoln was a boat captain and worked as the assistant pilot of the Talisman, a Mississippi River boat.

Kennedy was a boat captain and skipper of PT (Patrol Torpedo boat) 109. After previous rejections due to a bad back and other health problems, Kennedy joined the U.S. Navy. His influential father helped him overcome any obstacles to get in. Kennedy was first assigned to the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington and was there during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Eventually, Kennedy transferred to the Solomon Islands as a replacement officer to command the PT-109.

Lincoln almost drowned earlier in life. Lincoln's life was saved by a playmate from Knob Creek, Kentucky.

Kennedy almost drowned early in his life when the PT-109 he was commanding was sunk by the enemy and cut in half. Two crew mates were killed, and two others were badly injured. The survivors swam for four hours to a tiny deserted island 3.5 miles away. Kennedy, who had been on the Harvard University varsity swim team, used a life jacket strap clenched between his teeth to tow a badly-burned survivor. Kennedy then swam over two miles more to other small islands in search of help and food. He then led his men to an island which had coconut trees and drinkable water. Kennedy and his men survived for six days on coconuts before they were found by the scouts.

Lincoln was an advocate for women's rights. On June 13, 1836, 24 years before he became president, Lincoln was the first elected official in U.S. history to favor extending the vote to women. State legislator Lincoln gave an Illinois newspaper a statement endorsing female suffrage.

Kennedy was an advocate for women's rights. On June 10, 1963, Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law, making it illegal for employers to pay a woman less than what a man would receive for the same job.

Lincoln is the only U.S. president who was also a licensed bartender. He was co-owner of Berry and Lincoln, a saloon in Springfield, Illinois. Lincoln's career as a bartender was fairly short-lived. In 1834, he ran for state legislator and won forcing him to give up the bartending business. When Lincoln was seven years old, his father sold his country farm for about four-hundred gallons of corn whiskey.

Kennedy is the only U.S. president whose father was one of the biggest bootleggers in the country. Kennedy's father became very wealthy both from the legal and illegal importation of alcohol during and after Prohibition.

Lincoln was elected to Congress in '46.

Kennedy was elected to Congress in '46.

Lincoln was the runner-up for the nomination of Vice President in '56 and ran against the incumbent Vice President (John Breckinridge) in '60. It was one of two times in U.S. history when an incumbent Vice-president ran for President and lost. Breckinridge later suffered disgrace and fled the country to escape capture as a traitor for serving the South.

Kennedy was the runner-up for the nomination of Vice President in '56 and ran against the incumbent Vice President (Richard Nixon) in '60. It was one of two times in U.S. history when an incumbent Vice-president ran for President and lost. Nixon later suffered disgrace by resigning from the Presidency due to scandal..

The first public suggestion of Lincoln being the Republican candidate for President is believed to have been on November 6, 1858, by Israel Green. He suggested a ticket with Lincoln for President and John P. Kennedy for Vice President.

President Kennedy's name is John F. Kennedy.

The Republican Convention was held in Chicago in '60 where Lincoln was nominated the presidential nominee.

The Republican Convention was held in Chicago in '60. The Democratic Convention was held in Los Angeles in '60 where Kennedy was nominated the presidential nominee.

Lincoln won his party's nomination against older and more experienced politicians whom he later selected for high places in his Cabinet (William Seward - Secretary of State, Salmon Chase - Treasury).

Kennedy won his party's nomination against older and more experienced politicians whom he later selected for high places in his Cabinet (Adlai Stevenson - UN ambassador, Lyndon Johnson - Vice President).

In the '60 presidential election, Herschel Johnson was a southerner who ran for Vice President on the Democratic ticket.

In the '60 presidential election, Lyndon Johnson was a southerner who ran for Vice President on the Democratic ticket.

Lincoln ran as a minority party candidate and was considered to be a long-shot for the Presidency.

Kennedy ran as a minority party candidate and was considered to be a long-shot for the Presidency. He was also a Roman Catholic when nearly all Presidents before him were Protestant.

Lincoln was a president of many "firsts". He was the first Republican president. He was the first president born outside the original 13 states. He was the first president born in Kentucky. He was the first president to be assassinated. He was the first president to have a beard which he grew on the advice of an 11-year old girl. Lincoln was the first president to receive a transcontinental telegraph message.

Kennedy was a president of many "firsts". He was the first Catholic president. He was also the first Boy Scout to become president and the first president to be born in the 20th century. Kennedy was the first president to have served in the U.S. Navy. Kennedy participated in the first televised U.S. presidential debates in U.S. history. Kennedy debated with then Vice President Richard Nixon. Kennedy was the only president to have won a Pulitzer Prize. Kennedy was the first president to have live press conferences and to made good use of the medium. In September of 1963, Kennedy participated in television's first half hour evening newscast in an interview CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite. Kennedy was the first president to call on all Americans to embrace Civil Rights as a moral imperative. Kennedy is the only president to have predeceased both of his parents. He is also the only president to have predeceased a grandparent.

Lincoln's "deist" religious faith caused religious bigots to accuse him of being an infidel, if not an atheist, and of having called Jesus "an illegitimate child."

Kennedy's Catholic religious faith caused religious bigots to accuse him of having an allegiance to the Pope which disqualified him from becoming President of the United States.

Lincoln was loved by the common people and hated by many in the establishment and was called "The People's President."

Kennedy was loved by the common people and hated by many in the establishment and his presidency was heralded as the return of "Camelot."

Lincoln was involved in a historically significant political debate in Illinois - the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. Lincoln was elected president in ‘60 partly due to these debates with the other main candidate (Stephen Douglas) who was born in '13, had been a senator, who was better known at the time of the debate, and who sat near the president-elect at the inauguration.

Kennedy was involved in a historically significant political debate in Illinois - the Kennedy-Nixon Debates. Kennedy was elected president in '60 partly due to these debates with the other main candidate (Richard Nixon) who was born in '13, had been a senator, who was better known at the time of the debate, and who sat near the president-elect at the inauguration.

Lincoln believed people owed the government more than the government owed the people. According to Lincoln's friend Joseph Gillespie, Lincoln held to this principle: "We are more indebted to our government than it is to us."

Kennedy believed people owed the government more than the government owed the people. He spoke these famous words: "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."

Lincoln was famous for words ringing out for sacrifice and liberty. In his Gettysburg Address, Lincoln said, "It is rather this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom - and that from the earth."

Kennedy was famous for words ringing out for sacrifice and liberty. Kennedy, in his Inaugural Address, declared, "Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any the survival and the success of liberty."

James Buchanan head. Lincoln was much younger (17 years difference) than his predecessor James Buchanan. Buchanan's home was located at Lancaster, Pennsylvania about sixty miles from Gettysburg. He was the oldest president ever at the time. Buchanan was the last president to be born in the 18th century. He was a Presbyterian who was born in '91, left office in '61, and died at the age of 78, at the end of the decade he left office.

Dwight Eisenhower's head. Kennedy was much younger (26 years difference) than his predecessor Dwight Eisenhower. Eisenhower's home was located at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania about sixty miles from Lancaster. Eisenhower was one of the two oldest presidents prior to Kennedy (James Buchanan being the other one.) Eisenhower was the last president to be born in the 19th century. He was a Presbyterian who was born in '90, left office in '61, and died at the age of 77, at the end of the decade he left office.

Andrew Johnson's headLincoln was uncharacteristically younger (by 1.5 months) than his Vice President Andrew Johnson.

Lyndon Johnson's headKennedy was uncharacteristically younger (by 8 years, 9 months) than his Vice President Lyndon Johnson.

Lincoln won the election with less than 50% of the popular vote.

Kennedy won the election with less than 50% of the popular vote.

Lincoln was elected on November 8th for the term in which he was assassinated.

Kennedy was elected on November 8th for the term in which he was assassinated.

The legality of Lincoln's election was contested (i.e., Southern states seceded from the Union) but Lincoln won anyway.

The legality of Kennedy's election was contested but Kennedy won anyway.

The '60 incumbent Vice President John Breckinridge, under President James Buchanan ran for President in '60 and lost to Abraham Lincoln.

The '60 incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, under President Dwight Eisenhower, ran for President in '60 and lost to John F. Kennedy.

In '61, outgoing President, James Buchanan, returned to his home in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

In '61, outgoing President, Dwight Eisenhower, returned to his home in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania near Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

War was thrust upon Lincoln almost immediately after his inauguration - the Civil War.

War was thrust upon Kennedy almost immediately after his inauguration - the Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba.

Lincoln ordered troops to fight in a war (the Civil War) which was unpopular and controversial with a large percentage of the population. Many people fled to Canada to avoid the draft. Around the same time, a revolution was occurring in a neighboring country (Mexico) involving limited U.S. intervention.

Kennedy ordered troops to fight in a war (the Vietnam War) which was unpopular and controversial with a large percentage of the population. Many people fled to Canada to avoid the draft. Around the same time, a revolution was occurring in a neighboring country (Cuba) involving limited U.S. intervention.

Lincoln fought against enemies of the U.S. government (Confederates) during the Civil War and kept the United States from splitting apart.

Kennedy fought against enemies of the U.S. government (Communists) during the Cold War and kept the world from splitting apart by nuclear destruction.

In '61, Lincoln ordered a military blockade in the Caribbean of Confederate ports.

In '62, Kennedy ordered a military blockade in the Caribbean of Communist Cuba.

In '61, a military official gave orders against Lincoln's foreign policy involving Cuba without Lincoln's knowledge or permission which could have resulted in the U.S. going to war. A U.S. vessel commanded by Charles Wilkes violated U.S. policy established on April 4, 1961. and operated without orders by intercepting the British vessel the RMS Trent which left Cuba with two Confederate diplomats. This action, known as the Trent Affair, almost resulted in a war against Britain.

In '61, a military official gave orders against Kennedy's foreign policy involving Cuba without Kennedy's knowledge or permission which could have resulted in the U.S. going to war. Kennedy’s CIA chief, Allen Dulles, decided to operate without orders by not revealing the complete military plans on the Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba on April 17, 1961, to Kennedy and lied to him about the possibility of U.S. armed forces intervening. The incident, roughly 100 years after the Trent Affair, almost resulted in a war against Cuba.

Lincoln established the '61 Civil War headquarters of his General-in-Chief George McClellan to be a house called Hickory Hill in McLean, Virginia.

Kennedy bought the house called Hickory Hill in McLean, Virginia.

In '62, resulting from the '61 Trent Affair, Britain placed troops in Canada to prepare for a possible American offensive into Canada brining the British people to war fever.

In '62, resulting from the '61 Bay of Pigs debacle, the Soviets placed troops and nuclear missiles in Cuba to prepare for a possible American offensive into Cuba bringing Americans to war fever during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

There is evidence that Lincoln ordered the assassination of a leader from another government. Papers found by Confederate soldiers on the body of a killed military officer close to Lincoln named Ulric Dahlgren contained plans to assassinate Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederacy.

There is evidence that Kennedy ordered the assassination of leaders from another government. President Lyndon Johnson told Pierre Salinger, former press secretary to Kennedy, that Kennedy’s assassination was "divine retribution" for his role in the assassinations of Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic and Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam. God, Johnson said, puts his mark on those who do evil. So the killing in Dallas "might very well be God’s retribution to President Kennedy for his participation in the assassination of these two people."

Arlington House 1.Lincoln authorized Union soldiers to seize Arlington House, the Confederate General Robert E. Lee's mansion in Virginia, during the Civil War. The land where Arlington House is currently located later became Arlington National Cemetery.

Arlington House 2.Kennedy is buried in front of Arlington House at Arlington National Cemetery.

Lincoln was concerned with the civil rights of black Americans and made his views strongly known in '63 when he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves.

Kennedy was concerned with the civil rights of black Americans and made his views strongly known in '63 when he submitted his civil rights bill to Congress; and in June of that year, delivered his Civil Rights Address on radio and television in which he proposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Kennedy evoked Lincoln when he stated, "One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs... are not fully free. They are not yet freed from the bonds of injustice... this nation... will not be fully free until all its citizens are free.... Now the time has come for this nation to fulfill its promise."

Lincoln quoted Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence phrase "All men are created equal" in his Gettysburg Address.

Kennedy quoted Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence phrase "All men are created equal" in his book "A Nation Of Immigrants."

In '63, the Russian Tsar sent a fleet of war ships to assist the U.S. President during the American Civil War.

In '62, the Soviet Premier sent a fleet of war ships against the U.S. President during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

On October 3, 1863, Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated on the final Thursday in November 1863. According to tradition, Lincoln's 10-year-old son, Tad, became fond of a turkey given to the family for a holiday feast. Tad named the turkey "Jack" and begged his father to save the bird. Lincoln did.

The earliest provable instance of the word "pardon" being used in connection with a presidential Thanksgiving Day bird was a gobbler given to President Kennedy on the 18th of November 1963 - approximately 100 years after Lincoln's first Thanksgiving proclamation and just days before his assassination. Kennedy announced he didn't plan to eat the bird. Newspapers reported the following day how the bird was "pardoned." Days later, President John "Jack" Kennedy was assassinated.

On November 19, 1863, Lincoln delivered his famous Gettysburg Address.

On November 19, 1963, Kennedy was invited to speak at the 100th anniversary of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. But because Kennedy was needed in Texas for political purposes, he sent Vice President Johnson to Gettysburg in his stead. Three days later, Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.

lincoln bookIn '64, a book entitled Mr. Lincoln and the Negroes, by W. O. Douglas, was published.

Kennedy bookIn '64, a book entitled Mr. Kennedy and the Negroes, by Harry Golden, was published.

Lincoln wanted to switch running mates during his '64 campaign re-election. Lincoln replaced Hannibal Hamlin with Andrew Johnson.

Kennedy wanted to switch running mates during his '64 campaign re-election. He was rumored to have wanted to replace Lyndon Johnson with James Terry Sanford.

The revolutionary communist Karl Marx wrote to Lincoln in 1865, "Sir: We congratulate the American people upon your re-election by a large majority." He assured Lincoln the European communist movement was with him.

Kennedy's assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, was a self-proclaimed Marxist.

Lincoln is considered to be among the greatest of U.S. presidents.

Kennedy is considered to be among the greatest of U.S. presidents.

Lincoln and Congress passed the Legal Tender Act of 1862 and the National Banking Act of 1863 empowering the U.S. Treasury to issue interest-free notes called "Greenbacks." Lincoln was then able to print the millions of dollars he needed and it was debt and interest free.

In June 1963, Kennedy issued an Executive Order allowing the U.S. government to issue interest-free notes. Kennedy then ordered the U.S. Treasury to print over $4 billion worth of "U.S. Notes" to replace Federal Reserve Notes and eventually end the Federal Reserve System.

Lincoln sought to make monetary plan permanent; but after he was assassinated the U.S. moved towards a gold standard and the Greenbacks were taken out of circulation.

Months after Kennedy's monetary plan went into effect, he was assassinated. The U.S. Notes he had issued were immediately taken out of circulation. Federal Reserve Notes continues to serve as the legal currency of the nation.

pennyLincoln's portrait is engraved on a U.S. coin - the Lincoln Penny. The Lincoln Penny was first issued in 1909 to commemorate Abraham Lincoln's 100th birthday. It was the first American coin to bear a president's image on its face. Read about the controversy behind the Lincoln Penny.

half-dollarKennedy's portrait is engraved on a U.S. coin - the Kennedy Half-Dollar.

Of all of the U.S. coins currently in circulation, the Lincoln Penny is one of the only two coins not having both the front and back designed by the same man. Frank Gasparro designed the reverse side of the Lincoln Penny and was first minted in 1909 and was designed by Victor D. Brenner based on a plaque of Lincoln Brenner did in 1907. The reverse side of the coin changed to the Frank Gasparro design in 1959.

Of all of the U.S. coins currently in circulation, the Kennedy Half-Dollar is one of the only two coins not having both the front and back designed by the same man. Frank Gasparro designed the reverse side of the Kennedy Half-Dollar. The Kennedy Half Dollar was first minted in 1964.

In 1867, the Army Medical Library was moved to Ford's Theater, the site of the Lincoln assassination.

In 1956, Senator John Kennedy submitted legislation to Congress to transform the Army Medical Library into the National Library of Medicine which eventually became the world's largest medical library.

Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Of the 27 current official presidential memorials, one of them is the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts established on June 1956 in New York City. It is only one of two presidential memorials established for the performing arts.

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Of the 27 current official presidential memorials, one of them is the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts established on December 1964 in Washington, D.C. It is only one of two presidential memorials established for the performing arts.

Lincoln was greatly vilified in the South during his term in office but became very popular and revered by the public after his death.

Kennedy was greatly vilified in the South during his term of office but became very popular and revered by the public after his death.

Lincoln is generally remembered in association with a state capital (Springfield, IL), not his birth place (Hodgenville, KY).

Kennedy is generally remembered in association with a state capital (Boston, MA), not his birth place (Brookline, MA).

Lincoln gave African-Americans freedom and legalized their equality with other Americans.

Kennedy enforced equality for African-Americans with other Americans. On June 11, 1963, Kennedy introduced a new Civil Rights bill to the Congress and he went on television asking Americans to end racism. "One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons, are not fully free," he said. "This nation was founded by men of many nations and backgrounds…[and] on the principle that all men are created equal."

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Abraham Lincoln

Physical Traits label.

John F. Kennedy

Lincoln's droopy eyes.

Lincoln had droopy eyelids which would sometimes cause his left eye to deviate but did not interfere with him. Lincoln's eyes were said to be grey. View the full face comparison of Lincoln and Kennedy.

Kennedy's droopy eyes. Kennedy had droopy eyelids which would sometimes cause his left eye to deviate but did not interfere with him. Kennedy's eyes were greenish grey.

Lincoln was the second child in the family birth order and was named after his grandfather. The first born sibling (Thomas Lincoln Jr.) was predeceased at the time of election to the House of Congress.

Kennedy was the second child in the family birth order and was named after his grandfather. The first born sibling (Joseph Kennedy Jr.) was predeceased at the time of election to the House of Congress.

Lincoln was over 6 feet tall and a notable athlete in wrestling and enjoyed impromptu sport with family members.

Kennedy was over 6 feet tall and a notable athlete in football and enjoyed impromptu sport with family members. During his school years, Kennedy played baseball as a pitcher (right-handed) and third baseman. He also enjoyed golf, sailing, swimming, and tennis. As a child Kennedy sustained "many injuries and bruises while participating in sports where his physique was inadequate." For example, when he had a bicycle collision with his brother Joe, Joe walked away unhurt, but JFK needed 28 stitches.

Lincoln's skin color. Lincoln's unusual skin color is has been described as "very dark", "shriveled", and "leathery" which caused his political opponents to call him a "black Republican" and a "mulatto". Friends commented how his facial skin was creased and yellow from a young age. The cause of this is unknown. Historians believe Lincoln may have been of Melungeon descent through his mother Nancy Hanks and it was his mixed-race origin which may have been partly responsible for his dislike of slavery. This is supported by the fact that Lincoln was unusually reluctant to talk about his parentage. Lincoln's law partner and friend, William Herndon, wrote how Lincoln only spoke to him one time about his mother. Lincoln told him his mother, Nancy, was the product of an illegitimate relationship between Nancy's mother, Lucy Hanks, and a "well-bred" Virginia farmer. According to some historians, the identity of this Virginian is a man named Abraham Enloe who is reported to have privately confirmed it.

Kennedy's skin color. Kennedy's unusual skin color has been described as "bronzed" which caused some people to mistakenly believe he had a tan year-round. For most North Americans, having a year-round tan is unusual and this raises suspicion of disease. Addison disease, for example, causes bronzing of the skin which is often mistaken for a tan. An Addisonian tan suggests Kennedy's Addisonism was under-treated despite the use of steroids. Other observers found he had a surprisingly deep tan, or yellowish skin, or skin of a greenish tinge.

Lincoln was famous for his quick wit, eloquence and for telling hilarious stories and anecdotes. Lincoln's memory was of sufficient strength that people claimed he never forgot anyone.

Kennedy was famous for his quick wit, eloquence and for telling hilarious stories and anecdotes. On school entrance exams in 1931, Kennedy scored 119 on an IQ test which is above average intelligence.

Lincoln's rocking chair. Lincoln had a favorite rocking chair which he sat in at the White House. He enjoyed the rocking chair so much that he would have it taken to Ford's Theater every time he went to attend a performance. He was sitting in this rocking chair when he was assassinated.

Kennedy's rocking chair. Kennedy had a special rocking chair for his ailing back which he sat in at the White House. Kennedy originally saw this rocking chair in 1955 at the office of Dr. Janet Travell who suggested he use it to alleviate his back pain. Kennedy enjoyed his rocking chair so much that he would have it brought aboard Air Force One whenever he traveled around the U.S. or the world. Kennedy's back pain was so bad he often wore a back brace. He was wearing one when he was assassinated. His back brace was partly responsible for his death because it prevented him from bending over thereby allowing his assassin to take a second which hit him in the head.

Lincoln loved to read great literary works and could recite poetry by heart. Lincoln's step-mother, Sarah Bush Lincoln, provided the young Lincoln for the first time with books of which he could never get enough of. He memorized a great deal of what he read. One book was the family Bible which he read at times. Other books were The Pilgrim's Progress, Aesop's Fables, Robinson Crusoe, and Sinbad the Sailor.

Kennedy loved to read great literary works and could recite poetry by heart such as the third canto of Dante's Inferno. One of Kennedy's favorite poems was “I Have A Rendezvous With Death," by Alan Seeger.

Lincoln was one of three presidents who cherished the writings of Shakespeare. Growing up on the frontier, one of the few books he was able to read was the works of Shakespeare which Lincoln cherished throughout his life

Kennedy was one of three presidents whose cherished the writings of Shakespeare. He would quote Shakespeare from time to time in his comments to the press or notes on reports and memos. The other president who cherished Shakespeare was John Adams.

Lincoln loved to quote from the Bible. The evidence of Lincoln’s religious faith is clearly located in his writings and speeches. Lincoln scholar Earl Schwartz wrote that his Collected Works are "peppered with biblical references, including several dozen direction quotations." His "House Divided" Speech is perhaps the best example.

Kennedy loved to quote from the Bible. A good example can be found at the last dinner of his life in Houston, Texas, when Kennedy told a friend how a combination of biblical references applied to him: "Your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions" and "Where there is no vision the people perish."

Many of Lincoln's literary works are considered to be classics. His "House Divided" Speech (1858), Emancipation Proclamation (1862) and Gettysburg Address (1863) are considered to be among America's most important historical writings.

Many of Kennedy's literary works are considered to be classics. His book published in 1956, Profiles In Courage, won a Pulitzer Prize. His other classics are Why England Slept (1940) and A Nation of Immigrants (1964).

Lincoln was an engaging public speaker whose many speeches are ones with great historical significance such as Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.

Kennedy was an engaging public speaker whose many speeches are ones with great historical significance such as Kennedy's Inaugural Address where he said, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country” speech.

Lincoln had an unusual accent and pronunciation peculiar to his native state of Kentucky. His voice has been described as thin, squeaky, high-pitched, falsetto, and piercing. When excited, the pitch went higher still, and sometimes became unpleasant. However, his unusual voice paid off politically because it would carry for hundreds of yards - a distinct advantage in open-air speeches and debates. (Microphones did not yet exist.) For example, at least 15,000 people heard him give the Gettysburg Address and "acres of people" heard his first inaugural address. According to Lincoln scholar Gore Vidal, Lincoln as a legislator could often be heard loudly proclaiming, "Mister Chairman" pronouncing it as "Mister Cheer-men."

Kennedy had an unusual accent and pronunciation peculiar to his native state of Massachusetts - particularly Boston. His voice has been described as the "Harvard accent" or the "Boston accent." However, Bostonians know this accent as the "Kennedy accent," as no one other than the Kennedys seem to have this particular accent. This accent is separate and distinct from the Boston Brahmin accent associated with the Boston Brahmin aristocracy.

Lincoln had a habit of not carrying money around with him and was known for constantly borrowing money from his friends.

Kennedy had a habit of not carrying money around with him and was known for constantly borrowing money from his friends.

Lincoln received many threatening letters against his life. In the year of his death, Lincoln received over 800 such letters.

Kennedy received many threatening letters against his life. In the year of his death, Kennedy received over 80 such letters.

Lincoln appeared to have had no fear of his own mortality.

Kennedy appeared to have had no fear of his own mortality.

Lincoln's maladies included Scarlet Fever, Malaria, depression, digestive disorder (chronic constipation), hypersexuality, sexually transmitted infection (Syphilis), and a genetic disorder of the adrenal glands (MEN 2B).

Kennedy's maladies included Scarlet Fever, Malaria, depression, digestive disorder (Colitis), hypersexuality, sexually transmitted infection (Gonorrhea), and a genetic disorder of the adrenal glands (Addison's Disease).

In 1860, Lincoln contracted Scarlet Fever which lasted for a few days. Simultaneously, his son Willie was in bed with the same illness.

In 1920, Kennedy contracted Scarlet Fever and almost died. He was almost three years old at the time.

At least four people close to Lincoln knew he had chronic constipation at the time. One of them, John Stuart, urged Lincoln to take mercury-containing "blue mass" pills which he did for several months, but stopped, saying they made him "cross."

Kennedy had digestive troubles as early as 1934 (age 17). Years later, when he joined the Navy, these were described as "severe spastic colitis." It is believed the steroid treatment for Kennedy's colitis began in 1937 and ascribes several later medical problems to complications of steroids.

Because of a severe health problem (depression), Lincoln would conduct important presidential affairs from locations considered very private (his bed). On March 14, 1865, a sick President Lincoln conducted a cabinet meeting from his bed.

Because of a severe health problem (back pain), Kennedy would conduct important presidential affairs from locations considered very private (bed and bathtub). According to Kennedy biographer Richard Reeves, Kennedy would hold meetings from his bathtub, giving the orders of the day to assistants sitting on toilets and leaning on sinks.

Historical records suggest Lincoln having a type of cancer affecting his adrenal glands. Lincoln began losing weight in 1860 of which many people wrote concerning his declining appearance and increasing thinness. Casts of his face in 1860 and 1865 show a striking loss of soft tissue. Temporal wasting is present on the 1865 cast. In his last months, Lincoln exhibited symptoms compatible with a genetic cancer syndrome of the adrenal glands.

Doctors who treated Kennedy's Addison disease concluded he had a form of the illness which caused a slow atrophy of of the adrenal glands. After his diagnosis in 1947, he was given less than a year to live. He was so ill during the sea voyage home from England he was given the last rites of the Catholic Church.

Lincoln suffered from genetic diseases such as Marfanoid Habitus which accounts for his height, long legs, long arms, long thin feet, long hands, a long thin face, a long thin neck, flat feet, and a "sunken breast". Lincoln also suffered from depression throughout his life.

Kennedy suffered from genetic diseases such as Addison disease, which affects the body's ability to regulate blood sugar and sodium. For all his maladies, Kennedy took a deluge of drugs that often had side effects, including grogginess or even depression. To treat this Kennedy took more still anti-anxiety medications.

After Lincoln's death, his sexual habits came into question. According to his law partner and friend William Herndon Lincoln had frequented prostitutes in his young adulthood and had an uncontrollable libido. Herndon went so far to say Lincoln "could scarcely keep his hands off" prostitutes, whom he treated differently than eligible women. At one time Lincoln patronized a whorehouse with some buddies during the Black Hawk War. Lincoln once confessed to Herndon he had been infected with syphilis in 1835 or 1836. Hearndon, believing both Mary Todd and Abraham Lincoln had syphilis, suspected it in the premature death of three Lincoln children.

After Kennedy's death, his sexual habits came in to question. According to some sources, Kennedy had an uncontrollable libido and may have been a sex addict. His friends affectionately called him "Mattress Jack." Kennedy once confided to Britain's Prime Minister how the would get headaches if he went too long without a woman. Kennedy's close friend, Senator George Smathers, once remarked, "He has the most active libido of any man I have ever known," and a fellow congressman observed how "traveling with him was like traveling with a bull." Kennedy was taking testosterone in 1963 for his endocrine problems and this could have had an enhancing effect on his libido. In 1940 Kennedy became infested with an undisclosed STD.

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Abraham Lincoln

Their Families label.

John F. Kennedy

Mary Todd Lincoln head. Abraham Lincoln was married while in his thirties (age of 33) to a dark-haired woman (Mary Todd) who was within six weeks of her twenty-fourth birthday; who had been previously engaged to someone else; was well educated and came from a socially prominent family; had ancestors from Ireland; was fluent in the French language; was raised with step-brothers and step-sisters and a step-parent; lived in Washington D.C. before her husband's presidential election; was known for her exquisite taste and fashion sense; and was in the care of a minor son (Tad Lincoln) after the assassination of her husband.

Jackie Kennedy's head. John Kennedy was married while in his thirties (age of 36) to a dark-haired woman (Jacqueline Bouvier) who was within six weeks of her twenty-fourth birthday; who had been previously engaged to someone else; was well educated and came from a socially prominent family; had ancestors from Ireland; was fluent in the French language; was raised with step-brothers and step-sisters  and a step-parent; lived in  Washington D.C. before her husband's presidential election; was known for her exquisite taste and fashion sense; and was in the care of a minor son (John Kennedy Jr.) after the assassination of her husband.

Mary Lincoln was at least nine years younger than her husband and survived him by at least seventeen years. She died around the age of sixty-four - exactly 63 years and 215 days.

Jackie Kennedy was at least nine years younger than her husband and survived him by at least seventeen years. She died around the age of sixty-four - exactly 64 years 295 days.

Lincoln's wife was known mostly by her three names: Mary Todd Lincoln.

Kennedy's wife was known mostly by her three names: Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy (later Jackie Kennedy Onassis).

Lincoln had a relative (a cousin named Fredrick W. Lincoln) who became Mayor of Boston for an extraordinary number of terms (seven).

Kennedy had a relative (a grandfather named John F. Fitzgerald) who became Mayor of Boston for an extraordinary number of terms (five).

Lincoln could trace his ancestors to a suburb of Boston - Hingham - and then to Great Britain.

Kennedy could trace his ancestors to a suburb of Boston - Winthrop - and then to Great Britain.

Lincoln was related (a cousin) to a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania Isaac Barnard (1791-1834).

Kennedy was related (brothers) to a U.S. Senator from New York (Robert Kennedy) and a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (Edward Kennedy).

Lincoln had a relative (Lincoln's son Robert) who became Ambassador to the Court of St. James (Britain) and a relative who was Attorney General (Levi Lincoln, Sr. in Thomas Jefferson's cabinet) who graduated from Harvard University.

Kennedy had a relative (Kennedy's father Joseph) who became Ambassador to the Court of St. James (Britain) and a relative who became Attorney General (brother Robert Kennedy) who graduated from Harvard University.

The only child of the president to have children (Robert Lincoln) had exactly two girls and one boy. The boy (Abraham Lincoln II) was named after his president grandfather who was known as "Jack". It was claimed Jack was much like President Lincoln. John Kennedy was also known as "Jack".

The only child of the president to have children (Caroline Kennedy) had exactly two girls and one boy. The boy (John Schlossberg) was named after his president grandfather who was known as “Jack”.

Lincoln had a brother (Thomas Lincoln Jr. who died before the presidential election, who had been named after his father, and is buried in an unmarked grave. Thomas Lincoln Jr.'s grave site is unknown except as to general location.

Kennedy had a brother (Joe Kennedy Jr.) who died before the presidential election, who had been named after his father, and is buried in an unmarked grave. Joe Kennedy Jr. was blown up in a plane and his body was never recovered.

Lincoln lost a very-close sister (Sarah Lincoln) before their election to Congress. Sarah died in 1828 while giving birth to a boy who also died the same day.

Kennedy lost a very-close sister (Kathleen Kennedy) before their election to Congress. Kathleen was killed in an airplane crash in France in 1948.

In '61, Mary Todd tastefully and expensively re-decorated the White House after many years of neglect. She was criticized by her husband for her money-spending habits.

In '61, Jackie Kennedy tastefully and expensively re-decorated the White House after many years of neglect. She was criticized by her husband for her money-spending habits.

Mary Todd had four children, two of whom died before becoming a teen; had three children living in the White House; lost a son (Willie Lincoln) in '62 while her husband was President, and lost one child (Edward Lincoln, consumption) before the presidential election.

Jackie Kennedy had four children, two of whom died before becoming a teen; had three children living in the White House; lost a son (Patrick Kennedy) in '63 while her husband was President, and lost one child (Arabella Kennedy, stillborn) before the presidential election.

Lincoln had two sons named Edward and Robert. Edward died and Robert lived on. Robert Lincoln married Mary Eunice Harlan.

Kennedy had two brothers named Edward and Robert. Robert died and Edward lived on. Kennedy had a sister named Eunice Mary Kennedy.

Lincoln had a child who would ride a pony on the White House grounds and who was allowed to run and play in the Oval Office.

Kennedy had a child who would ride a pony on the White House grounds and who was allowed to run and play in the Oval Office.

Robert Lincoln's head. Lincoln's son Robert graduated from Harvard, later became a lawyer, pursued a non-legal career, served in the Civil War and on the cabinets of two presidents (James Garfield and Chester Arthur, Secretary of War), and was supported to run for president.

Robert Kennedy's head. Kennedy's brother Robert graduated from Harvard, later became a lawyer, pursued a non-legal career, served in World WAR II and on the cabinets of two presidents (John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson, Attorney General), and was supported to run for president.

Robert Lincoln was buried at Arlington Cemetery about 400 feet away from the grave of President Kennedy.

Robert Kennedy was buried at Arlington Cemetery about 800 feet away from the grave of President Kennedy.

Lincoln's youngest surviving son (Tad) died on JULY 16, 1871 after dying from a lung disease. Exactly 10 years before Tad's burial, on JULY 16, 1861, President Lincoln ordered the first men to the first major battle of the Civil War. Mary Todd Lincoln died on JULY 16, 1882.

Kennedy's youngest surviving son (John Jr.) died on JULY 16, 1999 when his plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean. Exactly 30 years before John Jr.'s death, President Kennedy's 1961 order to send the first men to the moon was fulfilled on JULY 16, 1969. On July 16, 1963, President Kennedy nominated Abraham Lincoln Marovitz to a seat on the U.S. District Court in Illinois.

The President's son (Tad Lincoln) had a birthday near the time of his father's assassination. Tad turned 12 just 10 days before his father was shot.

The President's son (John F. Kennedy, Jr.) had a birthday near the time of his father's assassination. John Jr. turned 3 on the very day of his father's funeral.

Of all the Lincoln children, only one survived past the age of 40 - Robert Todd Lincoln.

Of all the Kennedy children, only one survived past the age of 40 - Caroline Bouvier-Kennedy.

Lincoln was survived by his stepmother, Sarah Bush Lincoln, who had raised him from the age of nine.

Kennedy was survived by his mother, Rose Fitzgerald. Rose outlived four of her nine children, dying at the age of 104 in 1995.

After her husband's assassination, Mary Todd lived in Europe and in a major U.S. city (Chicago) where she had not lived before during her marriage to the President.

After her husband's assassination, Jackie Kennedy lived in Europe (Paris) and in a major U.S. city (New York) where she had not lived before during her marriage to the President.

A member of Lincoln's family (Mary Todd) was held to be mentally incompetent and confined to an institution for the insane. After Lincoln's assassination, Robert Lincoln became alarmed at his mother's increasing psychological instability. She roamed the streets with cash pinned to her undergarments and went on elaborate shopping sprees, buying truckloads of drapes when she had no home to furnish. At one point she bought 84 pairs of kid gloves in less than a month. In 1875, while staying at a hotel with her son, Robert, she wandered half-dressed into the elevator, mistaking it for the bathroom. When Robert tried to help her return to her room, she screamed her son was trying to murder her. Eventually, a despairing Robert committed her to a psychiatric hospital. She was unable to walk safely without assistance, and eventually paralysis of the legs ensued. A report in 1999 which reviewed the work of her four physicians concluded that hers was a clear case of an untreated Syphilis infection.

A member of Kennedy's family (Kennedy's sister Rosemary) was held to be mentally incompetent, and confined to an institution for the insane. Considered as either retarded or psychological instability, doctors told her father about a new neurosurgical procedure, lobotomy, which would help calm her mood swings and sometimes-violent outbursts. At the time, relatively few lobotomies had been performed. In 1941 at age 23, she underwent a prefrontal lobotomy which left her permanently incapacitated. Afterwards, she lived at a private psychiatric hospital and was visited regularly by her mother and by her sister Eunice Kennedy Shriver.

The president's wife, Mary Todd, died in her sixties after an untimely decline in health, during the administration of a president (Chester A. Arthur) who had seen her husband in Washington, D.C. the same year as the assassination.

The president's wife, Jacqueline Bouvier, died in her sixties after an untimely decline in health, during the administration of a president (Bill Clinton) who had seen her husband in Washington, D.C. the same year as the assassination.

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Abraham Lincoln

Their Relationships label.

John F. Kennedy

Adlai E. Stevenson. Lincoln was the friend of a prominent Illinois Democrat named Adlai E. Stevenson who became the Vice-President under Grover Cleveland.

Adlai E. Stevenson. Kennedy was the friend of a prominent Illinois Democrat named Adlai E. Stevenson who was the grandson of Lincoln's Adlai Stevenson and who would twice run for the U.S. presidency in 1952 and 1956.

Charles S. Taft. One of Lincoln's attending physicians on the night of the assassination was Charles S. Taft. His younger siblings (Horatio, Halsey, and Julia) were constant playmates with Lincoln's children and frequent White House guests. Dr. Taft removed a lock of Lincoln's hair and placed it in a ring which eventually came into the possession of President Theodore Roosevelt. He wore the ring in 1905 when he was sworn in as President.

Charles P. Taft II. One of Kennedy's business relationships was with Charles P. Taft II who was the president of the Committee for a National Trade Policy and the son of President William Taft.

William Graham. Lincoln had a friend and advisor named William Graham, an Illinois schoolteacher and Baptist, who helped Lincoln learn the complex language of trigonometry and logarithms.

William "Billy" Graham. Kennedy had a friend and spiritual advisor named William "Billy" Graham, the Baptist evangelist.

Robert Burns. Lincoln's favorite poet was Robert Burns who was widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide. He is best known for the poem and song "Auld Lang Syne" which is often sung on the last day of the year. Lincoln's love of Robert Burns' poetry was so widely known during his presidency he received many invitations to annual celebrations of the Scotsman's birthday.

Robert Frost. Kennedy's favorite poet was Robert Frost who was the national poet laureate of America, and is celebrated worldwide. Frost wrote a new poem entitled "Dedication" for special delivery at the inauguration of John F. Kennedy in 1961. However, he never read it because the sun's glare upon the snow blinded Frost from seeing the text. Instead, he recited "The Gift Outright" from memory.

Hannibal Hamlin. In '61, Lincoln's Vice President was Hannibal Hamlin (whose monogram was "H. H.") followed by Andrew Johnson. Hannibal Hamlin returned to serve in the U.S. Senate after leaving the Vice Presidency.

Hubert Humphrey. In '61, Kennedy's Vice President was Lyndon Johnson who chose Hubert Humphrey (whose monogram was "H. H.") for his Vice President. Hubert Humphrey returned to serve in the U.S. Senate after leaving the Vice Presidency.

William H. Seward.Lincoln's Secretary of State, William H. Seward, served the Lincoln-Johnson Administration from '61 through '69.

Dean Rusk. Kennedy's Secretary of State, Dean Rusk, served the Kennedy-Johnson Administration from '61 through '69.

John A. KennedyNew York Police Superintendent, John A. Kennedy, played a role in Lincoln's protection during his 1861 inaugural train trip and also in the investigation immediately following Lincoln's assassination.

Evelyn Lincoln. Kennedy had a secretary was named Evelyn Lincoln whose husband was Harold "Abe" Lincoln. Mrs. Lincoln was in the motorcade when Kennedy was assassinated.

 
William JohnsonAbraham Lincoln's personal valet was a black man named William H. Johnson. Johnson was born in 1835 and first met the President in Illinois in early 1860. Johnson traveled with Lincoln and Allan Pinkerton, founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency, who played a key role by managing Lincoln's security to to Washington, D.C. On March 16, 1861, Johnson became the President's messenger to the Treasury Department. On November 18, 1863, Johnson traveled by train with Lincoln to Gettysburg where Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address. At the time, Lincoln was leading the nation against Southerners for the Civil Rights of African Americans. Johnson died in 1864 from smallpox. Lincoln was assassinated in 1865 by a conspiracy of Southern sympathizers. Johnson is portrayed in the 2012 film "Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter" played by actor Anthony Mackie. In the film, Johnson assists the President in his fight against the vampiric forces of the South. Abraham William Bolden was Kennedy's personal security agent and the first black man to be assigned to a President's personal Secret Service. Bolden was born in 1935 and first met the President in Illinois in early 1961. He attended Lincoln High School and graduated from Lincoln University. Bolden was with the Pinkerton Detective Agency before entering the Secret Service in 1960. On June 16, 1961, Bolden became the President's Secret Service agent as part of the Treasury Department at that time. Following the assassination of Kennedy on November 22, 1963, Bolden sought to inform the Warren Commission investigating the assassination about the culpability of some Secret Service agents. At the time, Kennedy angered many Southerners concerning his Civil Rights policy toward African Americans. Some such Southerners were employed in the Secret Service. Bolden was framed and unjustly arrested in 1964 on bribery charges as he was on his way to testify before the Warren Commission on Secret Service misconduct. Bolden was denied a retrial in 1965 even though evidence of a conspiracy against him existed against him for attempting to reveal Secret Service secrets. Bolden is portrayed in the 2011 film "The Kennedys" played by actor Rothaford Gray. In the film, Bolden assists the President in his fight against segregation in the South by asking his opinion about it.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.In July 1864, President Lincoln visited Fort Stevens and was shown around by the general's aide, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (1841-1935). As Holmes pointed out the enemy lines in the distance, Lincoln, wearing his customary stovepipe hat, stood up for a better view - prompting a salvo of musket fire from the enemy trenches. "Get down, you fool!" Holmes shouted, hauling the president under cover. A moment later, having come to his senses, he began to worry that disciplinary action would be taken against him. Lincoln said nothing, however, until he was preparing to leave the fort. "Goodbye, Captain Holmes," he then declared. "I'm glad to see you know how to talk to a civilian." Holmes later became a Supreme Court Justice.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.At President Kennedy's 1961 Inaugural address, Kennedy spoke these famous words: "And so my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country." Many people would be surprised to learn this phrase did not originate with Kennedy. The phrase originated with Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. in a Memorial Day address to the Grand Army of the Republic on May 30, 1884: "It is now the moment when by common consent we pause to become conscious of our national life and to rejoice in it, to recall what our country has done for each of us, and to ask ourselves what we can do for our country in return."

Months before his death Lincoln visited Maryland to Fort Monroe to discuss the possibility of peace with Confederate representatives.

Marilyn Monroe. Months before his death Kennedy had a less-than-private affair with Marilyn Monroe. Her song sung to Kennedy, “Happy Birthday, Mister President” only increased public speculation.

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Frederick Douglass

Their Activists label.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Frederick Douglass. Lincoln was close to one of the most important civil rights figures in U.S. history - Frederick Douglass. In '63, Douglass conferred with President Lincoln on the treatment of black soldiers, and with President Andrew Johnson on the subject of black suffrage.

Martin Luther King, Jr.Kennedy was close to one of the most important civil rights figures in U.S. history - Martin Luther King, Jr. In '63, King met with President Kennedy at the White House to discuss black civil rights legislation. In '64, King attended the White House ceremony of the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by President Lyndon Johnson.

Frederick Douglass was one of the two most prominent black leaders in American history. Douglass had an impact on some very important people such as President Lincoln. In his day, Douglass led the fight for black rights. The civil rights issue of the Douglass era was the abolition of slavery.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the two most prominent black leaders in American history. King had an impact on some very important people such as President Kennedy. In his day, King led the fight for black rights. The civil rights issues of the King era was the abolition of segregation and discrimination.

Frederick Douglass warned how racial problems would plague America "until the American people shall make character and not color, the criterion of respectability.'' Douglass was a strong advocate of "All men were created equal." Douglass' abolitionist movement led to many conflicts - eventually to Civil War. Douglass was not afraid of being lynched, punished by jail, or even death.

Martin Luther King Jr. stressed the importance of judging people not by the color of their skin, but by the "content of their character." King was a strong advocate of "All men were created equal." King's civil rights movement led to widespread demonstrations, riots, and violence. King was not afraid to be punished by jail, persecution, or even death.

During the Douglass era, blacks in the South were not permitted to have an education. From youth, Douglass yearned for knowledge and knew education was the key to freedom. Douglass was fortunate enough to receive an education even though he was a slave in the South.

During the King era, blacks in the South were not permitted to have an integrated education. From youth, King yearned for knowledge and knew education was the key to freedom. King was fortunate enough to attend a college in the North. It was the first time he ever attended an integrated school.

Douglass was known for his great oration skills and famous speeches like his "What to the Slave is your Fourth of July?" speech. Douglass used metaphors such as "the Promised Land" and "Eden". For example, Douglass wrote how slaves were literally shut out of the master's garden, a metaphoric "Eden," by a perverse chief gardener. Douglass criticized the Christianity of southern Christians who endorsed slavery and all its attendant violence and injustice.

King was known for his great oration skills and famous speeches like his “I have a Dream” speech. King used metaphors such as "the Promised Land" and "Eden". For example, King proclaimed, "I've been to the mountaintop and I've seen the promised land." King criticized the Christianity of southern churches which endorsed racism. King asked, "What kind of people worship in these churches?"

On February 12, 1809, Abraham Lincoln was born. President Lincoln gave his Gettysburg Address in 1863 which was "dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal". He defined the war as an effort dedicated to these principles of liberty and equality for all. The emancipation of slaves was now part of the national war effort. He declared that the deaths of so many brave soldiers would not be in vain, that slavery would end as a result of the losses, and the future of democracy in the world would be assured, that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth". Lincoln concluded that the Civil War had a profound objective: a new birth of freedom in the nation.

On February 12, 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded on the 100th anniversary of the birth of President Lincoln. In 1963, the year of Kennedy's assassination, the NAACP organized a March on Washington where Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial: "I still have a dream, a dream deeply rooted in the American dream - one day this nation will rise up and live up to its creed, 'We hold these truths to be self evident: that all men are created equal.' I have a dream..." This event was widely credited for encouraging President Kennedy to initiate the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

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Abraham Lincoln

Their Assassinations label.

John F. Kennedy

Ford's Theater. President Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theater which is now a museum because of the assassination and has been restored to look like the site at the time. Read about Lincoln's last day alive.

Texas Schoolbook Depository. President Kennedy was assassinated near the Texas Schoolbook Depository which is now a museum because of the assassination and has been restored to look like the site at the time. Read about Kennedy's last day alive.

The location of the assassination, Ford’s Theatre, is  511 TEN STREET, NW Washington, DC.

The location of the assassination, the Texas School Book Depository is 411 ELM STREET, Dallas, Texas. Ford's Theatre and the Texas School Book Depository have addresses with the number 11 in them - an important number in numerology.

Before assassinating the President, Booth attempted to commit a violent political crime but failed. He tried first to kidnap Lincoln on March 17, 1864 when he learned Lincoln would be attending a play near the Old Soldier's Home. Booth assembled his team near the area in an attempt to kidnap Lincoln but the President did not appear. Booth later learned Lincoln had changed his plans at the last moment to attend a reception at the National Hotel where, coincidentally, Booth was then living.

Before assassinating the President, Oswald attempted to commit a violent political crime but failed. He attempted to assassinate retired General Edwin Walker on April 10, 1963 at the old soldier's home but missed.

General Ulysses S Grant was spared from assassination by Booth when Grant declined at the last minute Lincoln's invitation to join him at Ford's Theater.

General Edwin Walker was spared from assassination by Oswald when the bullet fired by Oswald missed its target and struck the window pane of General Walker's house. After Oswald killed both President Kennedy and Dallas police officer Tippit, it is believed Oswald was preparing to assassinate General Walker but was caught before attempting to do so.

November 19, 1863 is a date made famous when Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.

November 22, 1963 is a date made famous when Kennedy was assassinated - almost exactly 100 years apart (98.5 years) from Lincoln's assassination.

A major reason for Lincoln going to Ford's Theater was to be seen by the public.

A major reason for Kennedy going to Dallas was to be seen by the public with Lyndon Johnson to shore up southern political support for his reelection.

Lincoln's last words seconds before he was shot were uttered in response to a comment by one of the women in the group (Mary Todd). She asked the President what Miss harris would think of them holding hands. Lincoln's answer was, "She won't think anything about it." Notice that Lincoln's final words had a negative connotation.

Kennedy's last words seconds before he was shot were uttered in response to a comment by one of the women in the group (Mrs. Connally). She asked the President, "You can't say that Dallas doesn't love you," to which Kennedy replied, "No, you certainly can’t." Notice how Kennedy's final words had a negative connotation.

Lincoln would travel openly around the country by horse or carriage without guards being present.

Kennedy would travel openly around the country by convertible with the bubble top down without guards immediately present. Kennedy's orders were to always remove the bubble top of his 1961 Lincoln Continental on clear days. The bubble top was also removed in order to prevent excessive heat and discomfort to the passengers as was the case in Dallas on November 22, 1963. On that day, Kennedy ordered no Secret Service agents were to ride on the running boards at the rear of the car.

Lincoln exposed himself to danger many times to please crowds and had been shot at before. In August 1864, Lincoln's hat was shot off his head on one occasion by an unknown assailant.

Kennedy exposed himself to danger many times to please crowds and had been shot at before during World War II.

Lincoln was fatalistic and disdained bodyguards. He once remarked how easy it would be to shoot a President. His Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, once complained to Lincoln about his careless manner of exposing himself to potential assassins. Lincoln replied that if anybody desired to assassinate him he did not suppose any amount of care would save him.

Kennedy was fatalistic and disdained bodyguards. He once remarked how easy it would be for an assassin to shoot him. The day before he was shot, Kennedy mused to his wife, and to that same Kenny O’Donnell, about the ease with which "a man with a rifle" could kill him.

Lincoln's security at Ford's Theater was uncharacteristically weak. Lincoln's bodyguard was away from his post at the door of the President's box at Ford's Theater leaving Lincoln unprotected from his assassin. He left at intermission to go to a saloon giving Booth unobstructed access to the box.

Kennedy's security in Dallas was uncharacteristically weak. Kennedy's bodyguards were away from their posts on the running-boards of the President's Ford Lincoln convertible leaving Kennedy unprotected from his assassin.

William CrookLincoln had a bodyguard named William Crook in 1865 when Lincoln was assassinated. Crook worked in Washington D.C. as a policeman after serving in the Military (Army). Crook tried to prevent the assassination by trying to persuade Lincoln not to Ford's Theatre. Crook testified in 1865 before a military commission investigating the Kennedy assassination. No bodyguards were reprimanded or disciplined for their failure to protect the president. But the president's wife, Mary Todd, was bitterly critical of one of the bodyguards (John F. Parker). Some people considered Parker to be part of the conspiracy to kill the president. Crook served more than four U.S. presidents: Lincoln, Johnson (Andrew), Grant, Hayes. Crook died in 1915 within 48 hours of being aged 75 years, 5 months.

William GreerKennedy had a bodyguard named William Greer in 1963 when Kennedy was assassinated (98 years after Lincoln's assassination). Greer worked in Washington D.C. as a member of the White House staff while serving in the Military (Navy). Greer tried to prevent the assassination when driving the Ford Lincoln carrying Kennedy in Dallas. He attempted evasive manuevers when the shots rang out. Greer testified in 1964 before a military commission investigating the Kennedy assassination. No bodyguards were reprimanded or disciplined for their failure to protect the president. But the  president's wife, Jackie, was bitterly critical of one of the bodyguards (William Greer). Some people considered Greer to be part of the conspiracy to kill the president. Greer served more than four U.S. presidents: Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower,Kennedy and Johnson (Lyndon). Greer died in 1985 within 48 hours of being aged 75 years, 5 months.

Lincoln was shot from behind, in the head, in public, in the presence of his wife seated next to him who was uninjured and who cradled the bullet-torn head of her husband who did not die immediately after being shot in the head.

Kennedy was shot from behind, in the head, in public, in the presence of his wife seated next to him who was uninjured and who cradled the bullet-torn head of her husband who did not die immediately after being shot in the head. Visit one of the leading websites devoted to the Kennedy assassination. Examine the medical evidence.

Lincoln was given the best medical attention available at the time which included closed chest massage. Lincoln also had artificial respiration and had a leading doctor rushed to his side who could not save the president because the brain was partially destroyed.

Kennedy was given the best medical attention available at the time which included closed chest massage. Kennedy had artificial respiration and had a leading doctor rushed to his side who could not save the president because the brain was partially destroyed.

Immediately after the assassination, it was claimed and later discredited that shots were fired from another direction in Ford's Theater.

Immediately after the assassination, it was claimed and later discredited that shots were fired from another direction - the grassy knoll.

Lincoln died within hours of being shot, although he was for all practical purposes dead when hit in the head with a bullet.

Kennedy died within hours of being shot, although he was for all practical purposes dead when hit in the head with a bullet.

Major Henry Rathbone.

These are photos of the couple who were with the Lincoln's at Ford's Theater when Lincoln was shot -- Major Henry Rathbone and Clare Harris. Notice their resemblance to Kennedy's couple on the right.

Clara Harris.

Governor John Connally. These are photos of the couple who were with the Kennedy's in the Ford Lincoln when Kennedy was shot -- John Connally and Nellie Connally. Notice their resemblance to Lincoln's couple on the right. Nellie Connally.

Lincoln was shot in Ford's Theater while sitting in box seven with another couple of whom one was seriously injured Major Henry Rathbone was injured in the arm from a knife wound, but not fatally. Clara Harris was uninjured.

Kennedy was shot in a Ford Lincoln while riding in car seven with another couple of whom one was seriously injured. Governor John Connally was injured in the arm from a gunshot wound, but not fatally. Nellie Connally was uninjured.

The date "April 15th" is associated with critical dates in the history of America and the 'karma" of Presidenty Lincoln. When Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, South Carolina, thereby officially starting the Civil War, Lincoln responded on April 15, 1961, by issuing a public declaration that an insurrection exists for which Lincoln mobilized a Federal Army by calling for a 75,000 militia to stop the rebellion. As a result of Lincoln's call for volunteers, four southern states seceded from the Union. While the Civil War was happening, Lincoln passed the Revenue Act of 1861 which included a tax on personal incomes - the first in U.S. history - to help pay war expenses. Since 1955, April 15th has been Tax Day on which personal income tax returns are due to the U.S. government. Lincoln died on April 15, 1965, the day after being shot in the head at Ford's Theatre.

The date "April 15th" is associated with critical dates in the history of America and the 'karma" of President Kennedy. Nikita Khrushchev was born on April 15, 1894 and led the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War during the Kennedy Administrastion, serving as premier from 1958 to 1964. On April 15, 1959, without U.S. government invitation or approval, Fidel Castro began a tour America which directly led to the rapid deterioration of relations between the U.S. government and Castro. On April 15, 1961, U.S. B-26 bombers began the attack on Cuba during the Bay of Pigs invasion; thereby alerting Castro to quickly order his military forces to the area and ultimately defeat the invaders. The Bay of Pigs invasion attempt directly led to Nikita Khrushchev taking actions against Kennedy which led to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Other "April 15" disasters within the 20th century include: the Great Mississippi Flood of April 15, 1927, which was the most destructive river flood in the history of the U.S.; and the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912, resulting in the loss of more than 1,500 passengers and crew, making it one of the deadliest maritime disasters in modern history. During the Cold War, nuclear bombs were tested on April 15 by the following nations: the U.S. on April 15, 1952 at a Nevada Test Site; Great Britain on April 15, 1978; and the Soviets on April 15, 1984 at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

After the assassination, much trouble came to the couplecouple with the President and his wife. Rathbone later married the woman who was with him, Clara Harris; but her life came to an equally dismal conclusion. Rathbone obtained a post in the foreign service and was stationed with his family in Germany. There he became progressively more depressed and finally murdered Clara. He was committed to a German insane asylum and eventually died there.

After the assassination, much trouble came to the couple with the President and his wife. Although not disastrous, Connally became disenchanted with the Democratic Party and switched to the Republican side and became a cabinet member in the Nixon administration, just as the Republican standard-bearers suffered a crushing blow from the Watergate fiasco. Connally himself was harried, but was exonerated.

Numerologically, the president's last name, Lincoln, contains 7 letters. The vice president's full name, Andrew Johnson, contains 13 letters. "Andrew" contains 6 letters and his last name is the same as Kennedy's vice president. The president's assassin's full name, John Wilkes Booth, contains 15 letters. By assigning the alphabet to the numerical sequence, the assassin's initials add up to a total of 35. (J + W + B = 10 + 23 + 2 = 35). The president's last name, Lincoln, phonetically has a "Ken" in it (Ling - KEN). The same as "Kennedy" (KEN - Nedy). Henry Rathbone, the man with Lincoln in Box 7 (at Ford's Theatre), has a last name "Rathbone" consisting of 8 letters.

Numerologically, the president's last name, Kennedy, contains 7 letters. The vice president's full name, Lyndon Johnson, contains 13 letters. "Lyndon" contains 6 letters and his last name is the same as Lincoln's vice president. The president's assassin's full name, Lee Harvey Oswald, contains 15 letters. By assigning the alphabet to the numerical sequence, the assassin's initials add up to a total of 35. (L + H + O = 12 + 8 + 15 = 35). The president's last name, Kennedy, phonetically has a "Coln" in it (COLN - Nedy). The same as "Lincoln" (Ling - COLN). John Connally, the man with Kennedy in Car 7 (the Ford Lincoln), has a last name "Connally consisting of 8 letters. Kennedy has more unusal associations with the number 6. The city of "Dallas" has 6 letters. Kennedy was shot from the "6th" floor. Oswald has 6 letters. Kennedy was shot on 11/22 which adds up to 6 (1+1+2+2=6).

Many high government officials were nearby when Lincoln died at the Peterson House, including Vice President Andrew Johnson, although he was not in the room.

Many high government officials were nearby when Kennedy died at Parkland Hospital, including Vice President Lyndon Johnson, although he was not in the room.

Lincoln's wife was forced to wait while doctors made unsuccessful attempts to save her husband.

Kennedy's wife was forced to wait while doctors made unsuccessful attempts to save her husband.

The First Lady's clothing which Mary Todd's wore on the night of the assassination became a symbolic relic because it was stained with the President's blood. Visit the outstanding Chicago Historical Society's online display of Lincoln assassination relics.

The First Lady's clothing which Jackie Kennedy wore in Dallas became a symbolic relic because it was stained with the President's blood. For two days after her husband's death, Jackie refused to remove her blood-stained clothing, and even regretted having washed the blood off her face and hands. The photograph of Jackie wearing her bloody dress while her husband's casket was loaded unto the plane was an image which shocked the nation. The reason she continued wearing her bloody dress became known when she told Lady Bird Johnson, "I want them to see what they have done to Jack."

One particular woman was severely traumatized by the plot to assassinate President Lincoln. Fanny Seward, the daughter of William H. Seward (Lincoln's Secretary of State), suffered amnesia of the events following the attempted murder of William H. Seward (her father) at the hands of Lewis Paine. Seward was one of the victims in a conspiracy by John Wilkes Booth to assassinate the president and members of his cabinet. Fanny Seward had no memory of raising the window and screaming for help, or shouting "Murder," in the moments after she saw the assassin Lewis Paine butchering her father with an enormous knife. She was sure her father had been killed.

One particular woman was severely traumatized by the assassination of President Kennedy. Jackie Kennedy suffered amnesia of the events following the murder of her husband. Jacqueline Kennedy had no memory immediately after her husband's head exploded in her face as she was peering intently into his face, only inches away, asking, "What's the matter, Jack?" She does not remember rising to let him fall down on the seat where she had been sitting, or being precipitated onto the rear of the limousine, as it jerked forward, or scrambling back into the seat. She does remember holding her husband's shattered head together during the frantic ride to the hospital. See close-up photos, a film clip of the Zapruder video and analysis of the Kennedy assassination. WARNING: May be very disturbing for some people to watch.

On the day of the assassination, Lincoln was wearing clothes from Brook Brothers.

On the day of the assassination, Kennedy was wearing clothes from Brook Brothers.

At least one Governor, William M. Stone of Iowa, played an active role during the assassination. Stone was a friend of Lincoln and was present in Ford's Theatre when Lincoln was assassinated. Stone helped carry the wounded Lincoln across the street.

At least one Governor, John Connelly of Texas, played an active role during the assassination. Connally was a friend of Kennedy and was present in the Ford Lincoln limousine when Kennedy was assassinated.

Lincoln was shot on a Friday before a Christian holiday - Easter.

Kennedy was shot on a Friday before a Christian holiday - Thanksgiving.

Lincoln died in a building with the initials P and H (Petersen House).

Kennedy died in a building with the initials P and H (Parkland Hospital).

Lincoln's autopsy was performed by military personnel. Lincoln had gross bullet damage to one cerebral hemisphere of his brain. Lincoln's brain was destroyed by the shot and was removed during a partial autopsy. Lincoln was buried without it.

Kennedy's autopsy was performed by military personnel. Kennedy had gross bullet damage to one cerebral hemisphere of his brain. Kennedy's brain was destroyed by the shot and was removed during a partial autopsy. Kennedy was buried without it.

Photographs of Lincoln's body were forbidden by a cabinet member, Edwin Stanton, but photos of the body were published in later years. Click here to see the photos. WARNING: Very Graphic.

Photographs of Kennedy's body were forbidden by a cabinet member, Robert Kennedy, but photos of the body were published in later years. Click here to see the photos. WARNING: Very Graphic.

Conspiracy theories surrounding the assassination and a government cover-up became popular.

Conspiracy theories surrounding the assassination and a government cover-up became popular.

One conspiracy theory holds that Lincoln's Vice President, Andrew Johnson, was knowledgeable about Lincoln's assassination. In a letter to a friend, Mrs. Lincoln wrote "...that, that miserable inebriate Johnson, had cognizance of my husband's death - Why, was that card of Booth's, found in his box, some acquaintance certainly existed - I have been deeply impressed, with the harrowing thought, that he, had an understanding with the conspirators & they knew their man... As sure, as you and I live, Johnson, had some hand, in all this..."

One conspiracy theory holds that Kennedy's Vice President, Lyndon Johnson was knowledgeable about Kennedy's assassination. Johnson was accused of complicity in the assassination by former CIA agent and Watergate figure E. Howard Hunt. Shortly before his death in 2007, Hunt authored an autobiography suggesting Johnson had orchestrated the killing with the help of CIA agents who had been angered by Kennedy's actions as President.

Critics of the prevailing Lincoln assassination theory attempted to convince the public into suspecting a larger assassination plot existed. Skillful innuendo at the time suggested the involvement of other, unspecified, plotters which intrigued Lincoln assassination buffs; but to date it has not even approached the level to which author Otto Eisenschiml raised in his provocative 1937 book on the Lincoln assassination where he proposed how a senior member of Lincoln's Cabinet (Edward Stanton) orchestrated the plot to kill the president.

Critics of the prevailing Kennedy assassination "lone nut" theory attempted to convince the public into suspecting a larger assassination plot existed. Skillful innuendo suggests the involvement of other, unspecified, plotters which have intrigued Kennedy assassination buffs but have never been proven true. Other conspiracies involve a New Orleans plot, the CIA, a shadow government, the military-industrial complex, the Secret Service, the Cuban exiles, the Mafia, Fidel Castro, the Soviets, the Israelis, and the Federal Reserve. In 2003, a documentary entitled Beyond Conspiracy used 3D graphics to prove conclusively Oswald was the lone assassin.

Two major investigations were conducted into the assassination of the President. The first investigation concluded there probably was a conspiracy involving Jefferson Davis, but there was not enough conclusive evidence. The second investigation concluded there was probably a wider conspiracy without resolving who exactly was involved.

Two major investigations were conducted into the assassination of the President. The first investigation (by the Warren Commission) concluded there was no conspiracy involving Oswald and there was conclusive evidence he acted alone. The second investigation (by the House Select Committee on Assassinations) concluded there was probably a wider conspiracy without resolving who exactly was involved.

The Lincoln assassination inquiry was reopened in 1868 during to impeach Andrew Johnson over his firing of Secretary Stanton. None of the further investigations or inquiries resolved who else may have been involved in the assassination.

The Kennedy assassination inquiry was reopened in 1968 by medical experts appointed by Attorney General Ramsey Clark to examine assassination evidence. None of the further investigations or inquiries resolved who else may have been involved in the assassination.

Many conspiracy theories about the Lincoln assassination still exist today but are unproven, some of which suggest possible involvement by prominent persons. The official version of the assassination is in dispute and conspiracy theories concerning his death have been hotly debated for many decades, and have never been resolved satisfactorily in the mind of the public.

Many conspiracy theories about the Kennedy assassination still exist today but are unproven, some of which suggest possible involvement by prominent persons. The official version of the assassination is in dispute and conspiracy theories concerning his death have been hotly debated for many decades, and have never been resolved satisfactorily in the mind of the public.

More is known today about President Lincoln because of his assassination. Lincoln became very popular after death and a number of books were written about him by people who knew him and could detail many personal incidents which would have been otherwise lost to history but for the sudden increase in public interest and fame. Lincoln's son, Robert, tried to suppress many of these books.

More is known today about President Kennedy because of his assassination. Kennedy became very popular after death and a number of books were written about him by people who knew him and could detail many personal incidents which would have been otherwise lost to history but for the sudden increase in public interest and fame. Kennedy's brother, Robert, tried to suppress many of these books.

Shortly after Lincoln's assassination, the telegraph system in Washington D.C. mysteriously shut down, thus delaying the news of Booth’s escape.

Shortly after Kennedy's assassination, the telephone system in Washington D.C. mysteriously shut down.

Some people involved with the assassination of Lincoln received financial rewards. Boston Corbett and others received rewards for the capture of Booth. Corbett was immediately arrested for violation of Stanton's order not to kill Booth, but Stanton later had the charges dropped. Corbett received roughly $1,653 in reward money for his part in capturing Booth.

Some people involved with the assassination of Kennedy received financial rewards. Abraham Zapruder sold his film of the assassination for the financial reward of $150,000 to Life Magazine. Zapruder gave the first $25,000 to the widow of Dallas policeman J.D. Tippit who was murdered on the same day as Kennedy. Read the fascinating details behind the Zapruder film.

Lincoln's assassination became a highly traumatic cultural tragedy which resulted in a flood of historical, journalistic, fictional and even poetical responses which, taken all together, left Americans with a very large psychological wound which can even be felt today.

Kennedy's assassination became a highly traumatic cultural tragedy which resulted in a flood of historical, journalistic, fictional and even poetical responses which, taken all together, left Americans with a very large psychological wound which can even be felt today.

Numerous movies have been produced about the assassination of Lincoln, while the other presidential assassinations have been virtually ignored. One particular contemporary movie about the assassination, The Lincoln Conspiracy, proposes as fact a possible conspiracy theory widely disputed and unproved.

Numerous movies have been produced about the assassination of Kennedy, while the other presidential assassinations have been virtually ignored. One particular contemporary movie about the assassination, Oliver Stone's "JFK", proposes as fact a possible conspiracy theory widely disputed and unproved.

The late John Lattimer, Ph.D., was an expert in both the Lincoln and Kennedy assassinations. He accumulated one of the world's largest archives of materials concerning the Lincoln assassination - even keeping a secret archive of Lincoln items. Lattimer was a compulsive collector with an obsession for Lincoln's possessions.

LincolnThe late Evelyn Lincoln, Kennedy's secretary, accumulated one of the world's largest archives of materials concerning the Kennedy assassination - even keeping a secret archive of Kennedy items. Mrs. Lincoln was a compulsive collector whose obsession with President Kennedy's possessions went to the extremes

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John Wilkes Booth

Their Assassins label.

Lee Harvey Oswald

John Wilkes Booth. John Wilkes Booth was born in '38. As an adult, he stood 5 feet, 8 inches tall. He was an excellent swordsman and is one of the most notorious assassins in recorded history.

Lee Harvey Oswald. Lee Harvey Oswald was born in '39. As an adult, he stood 5 feet, 8 inches tall. He was an excellent sharpshooter and is one of the most notorious assassins in recorded history.

Booth was known by all of his three names - John Wilkes Booth. His middle name was derived from a distant relative.

Oswald was known by all of his three names - Lee Harvey Oswald. His middle name was derived from a distant relative.

Booth came from a broken home and lacked a strong father figure in his life. His father died when Booth was a child. Booth was survived by his mother.

Oswald came from a broken home and lacked a strong father figure in his life. His father died when Oswald was a child. Oswald was survived by his mother.

Booth's middle name, Wilkes, was derived from one of his relatives and is composed of six letters. Booth has a total of fifteen letters in his full name.

Oswald's middle name, Harvey, was derived from one of his relatives and is composed of six letters. Booth has a total of fifteen letters in his full name.

Booth had two older brothers whose acting careers he coveted.

Oswald had two brothers whose military careers he coveted.

Booth had a family member named June. His brother was born with the name Junius; but he was called in the family by his nickname, June.

Oswald had a family member named June - Oswald’s first daughter.

Booth was the "junior" in the family. Booth's older brother Junius was named after his father. Booth's brother, Edwin, once saved the life of President Lincoln's son Robert. Read the details in this article.

Oswald was the "junior" in the family. Oswald's older brother Robert was named after his father.

Booth's father was named Junius Brutus Booth after a famous traitor, Brutus of Julius Caesar's fame.

Oswald's father was named Robert Edward Lee Oswald after a famous traitor to the Union, Confederate General Robert E. Lee who was John Wilkes Booth's commander-in-chief.

Robert E. Lee's application for U.S. citizenship was not recognized. At the end of the Civil War, former Confederate General Robert E. Lee sought to have his U.S. citizenship restored. So on October 2, 1865, Lee signed and submitted an application but the document was never recognized. Five years later, before his U.S. citizenship could be restored, Lee died, and his Confederate citizenship was not renounced. Then in 1975, one hundred years later, President Gerald Ford signed a bill restoring Lee's citizenship posthumously.

Lee Harvey Oswald's application for Soviet citizenship was not recognized. At the height of the Cold War, Lee Harvey Oswald applied for Soviet citizenship on October 16, 1959. Five days later, his application for Soviet citizenship was never recognized and his U.S. citizenship was not renounced.

Booth had a scar on the left side of his neck which was three inches below the ear. Shortly before the assassination, Booth underwent surgery and had a tumor removed from his neck which, according to Booth himself, "was a hole in my neck you can run your fist in."

Oswald had a scar on the left side of his neck which was three-inches long. When he was a child, Oswald had mastoidectomy surgery which left the scar.

In 1859, Booth was determined to attend the trial of abolitionist John Brown in Virginia. He bought a Virginia military uniform and infiltrated the Virginia militia unit guarding John Brown. When John Brown was hanged, Booth stood at the foot of the scaffold.

In 1956, Oswald enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps headquartered in Virginia. For a detailed timeline of the important events in Oswald's life visit Dr. John McAdams JFK website.

In October 1860, Booth accidently shot himself when his stage manager’s pistol that he was cleaning accidently discharged striking him in the thigh and nearly missing his femoral artery. It took weeks of recuperation until he was able to return to work.

In October 1957, Oswald accidently shot himself when his pistol fell from his locker to the floor and accidently discharged striking him in the upper arm. It took weeks of recuperation until he was able to return to work.

Booth's mother thought her son was a spy for the Confederate military.

Oswald's mother thought her son was a spy for the U.S. military.

Booth seemed to have been involved in military intelligence work.

Oswald seemed to have been involved in military intelligence work.

During Booth's lifetime, the most controversial issue in America was over slavery. Booth wrote a speech about the issue, a rough draft with spelling errors, but never delivered it. It was this issue which motivated Booth to kill Lincoln.

During Oswald's lifetime, the most controversial issue in America was over Communism. Oswald wrote a speech about the issue, a rough draft with spelling errors, but never delivered it. It was this issue which motivated Oswald to kill Kennedy.

Booth was fond of writing his thoughts down in a diary, some of which disappeared or were destroyed while under federal possession.

Oswald was fond of writing his thoughts down in a diary, some of which disappeared or were destroyed while under federal possession.

Booth often used an alias - "J. Wilkes".

Oswald often used an alias - "Alek J. Hidell".

Booth was a Southerner who favored extremist views and was a dedicated enemy sympathizer with a craving for fame.

Oswald was a Southerner who favored extremist views and was a dedicated enemy sympathizer with a craving for fame.

Booth was arrested and jailed for a petty crime. In '63, a provost marshal in St. Louis arrested Booth for making anti-government remarks. Booth was briefly detained, then paid a fine and let go.

Oswald was arrested and jailed for a petty crime. In '63, Oswald was arrested in New Orleans for disturbing the peace while distributing anti-government literature and fighting with another man. Oswald was briefly detained, then posted bail and let go.

Booth traveled to more places than most people at the time: New Orleans, New York City, Washington DC, Maryland, Philadelphia, Virginia, Boston; Chicago; Ohio, Missouri; Georgia; Alabama, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Virginia, West Virginia, and Canada.

Oswald traveled to more places than most people at the time: New Orleans, New York City, Texas, California, Japan, Philippines, France, England, Switzerland, Finland, Soviet Union, and Mexico.

Booth was believed to be a mentally unstable fanatic who was a lone assassin in search of national attention. Booth wrote in his diary how, "that one blow would have made me great" and, "Something decisive and great must be done.".

Oswald was believed to be a mentally unstable fanatic who was a lone assassin in search of national attention. While living in Moscow, Oswald told Priscilla Johnson McMillan, "I want to give the people of the United States something to think about."

Booth was a traitor to the U.S. government and was a known sympathizer to enemies of the U.S.

Oswald was a traitor to the U.S. government and a known sympathizer to enemies of the U.S.

Booth traveled to enemy territory (the Confederate state of Virginia) and put a uniform on pretending to be a soldier so he could witness the hanging of John Brown in 1859.

Oswald traveled to enemy territory (the U.S.S.R.) and wrote to his brother saying, "In the event of war I would kill any American who put a uniform on in defense of the American Government."

Booth stayed in New Orleans visiting an uncle shortly before the assassination.

Oswald stayed in New Orleans visiting an uncle shortly before the assassination.

In October of '64, Booth was out of the country in Montreal, Canada, visiting with Confederate spy officials.

In October of '63, Oswald was out of the country in Mexico City, Mexico, visiting with Communist embassy officials (Russian and Cuban).

Days before the assassination, Booth attempted to kill President Lincoln when he urged Lewis Powell to shoot the President on the spot for announcing his support of giving suffrage to former slaves. Powell refused to do so.

Days before the assassination, Oswald attempted to kill General Edwin Walker when he fired a shot at him through the window of his home. Walker was an outspoken segregationist who was relieved of his command in 1961 by President Kennedy for distributing racist literature to his troops.

Booth spent his last days living in a hotel all alone in a single room and was estranged from the woman in his life.

Oswald spent his last days living in a rooming house all alone in a single room and was estranged from the women in his life.

Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederate states. Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were born less than eight months of each other and less than 100 miles apart.

Jefferson Davis Tippit was the police officer Oswald murdered shortly after murdering Kennedy. Tippit was killed by Oswald two blocks south of Davis Street and one block north of Jefferson Blvd. The streets run almost parallel and were named after Jefferson Davis, the Confederate president.

Booth was a frustrated, self-important attention seeker with a grandiose self-image who drew no boundary between his small life and important affairs of state and who seemingly had an overwhelming desire to make history no matter what the price. Read a good psychological profile of Booth.

Oswald was a frustrated, self-important attention seeker with a grandiose self-image who drew no boundary between his small life and important affairs of state and who seemingly had an overwhelming desire to make history no matter what the price. Read a good psychological profile of Oswald.

Booth was in his mid-twenties when he murdered the President.

Oswald was in his mid-twenties when he murdered the President.

Booth learned from a newspaper his intended victim would be coming to him at his place of employment.

Oswald learned from a newspaper his intended victim would be coming to him at his place of employment.

Booth made physical changes to his work area beforehand so that no one outside of the presidential box could see him kill the president.

Oswald made physical changes to his work area beforehand so that no one outside of the sniper's nest could see him kill the president.

Booth assassinated the President while at his place of employment - Ford's Theater.

Oswald assassinated the President while at his place of employment - the Texas School-Book Depository.

Booth used a 2.5 inch long barreled pistol to kill Lincoln. Boston Corbett used a Colt revolver to kill Booth.

Oswald used a 2.5 inch long barreled pistol (38 Smith and Wesson revolver) to kill police officer J.D. Tippit. Jack Ruby used a Colt revolver to kill Oswald. The handgun Kennedy used to announce his location after his PT-401 shipwreck was a .38 Smith and Wesson revolver.

After Booth shot the President, he stood boldly on stage before a captive audience and proclaimed the actions he had taken.

After Oswald shot the President, he stood boldly on stage before news cameras and a captive audience and proclaimed the actions he had taken.

Booth's infamous act of murder dramatically altered the course of the nation in the aftermath of the assassination of the president.

Oswald's infamous act of murder dramatically altered the course of the nation in the aftermath of the assassination of the president.

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John Wilkes Booth

Assassin's Escape label.

Lee Harvey Oswald

Lewis (Powell) Paine. Booth was aided in the conspiracy by a man named Lewis (Powell) Paine.

Ruth Paine. Oswald got his job at the Texas School-book Depository through the aid of Ruth Paine, his landlady.

The concession operator at Ford's Theater was Joseph Burroughs. Joseph "Peanuts" Burroughs was given the duty of guarding the stage-door during plays, and was a part-time concession operator at Ford's Theatre.

The concession operator at The Texas Theater where Oswald fled to was Butch Burroughs.

Booth shot the President in a Theater and fled to a storehouse (a barn).

Oswald shot the President from a storehouse (a depository) and fled to a theater (see a photo of the actual seat in the theater).

Booth suffered an injury while in a theater when trying to escape his captors. After shooting the president, Booth broke his left leg when he jumped from the presidental box fleeing Ford's Theater.

Oswald suffered an injury while in a theater when trying to escape his captors. After shooting the president, Oswald was punched in the face by a Dallas policeman when he attempted to flee the Texas Theater.

BakerBooth was detained by an officer named Baker. Lieutenant Luther B. Baker was the leader of the cavalry patrolman who detained Booth at Garrett's barn.

Marion BakerOswald was detained by an officer named Baker. Officer Marrion Lewis Baker, a Dallas motorcycle patrolman, briefly detained Oswald on the second floor of the School-book Depository.

Booth was briefly detained and released at the Navy Yard Bridge over the Anaconda River by an armed sentry named Sergeant Cross after shooting the President because the alarm for finding the assassin was not yet given. Booth was released after telling the sentry he was a legitimate resident of the area on the other side of the river.

Oswald was briefly detained and released in the Texas School Book Depository by an armed policeman (Baker) after shooting the President because the alarm for finding the assassin was not yet given. Oswald was released by an policeman after being told he was a legitimate worker in the building.

Booth was aided in his escape from Washington by Oswell Swann and Lewis Paine.

Oswald got his job at the Texas School Book Depository with the help of Ruth Paine, his landlady.

Dr. Samuel Mudd. Booth escaped to Dr. Samuel Mudd's house where Mudd set, splinted and bandaged Booth's leg.

Roger Mudd. Emmy Award-winning journalist Roger Mudd is a descendent of Dr. Samuel Mudd. At the moment Oswald was shot, Roger Mudd was on television doing a news piece for CBS News. By the time Mudd was finished, CBS missed its live broadcast from the basement of the Dallas Police Department of Oswald being murdered.

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John Wilkes Booth

Assassin's Death label.

Lee Harvey Oswald

Boston Corbett. Booth's killer, Boston Corbett, was reared in the North (New York), was a private in the U.S. Army. Was thought to be psychotic and prone to violence. He was a bachelor who castrated himself "to avoid the temptations of prostitutes." Read about the bizarre story of Boston Corbett.

Jack Ruby. Oswald's killer, Jack Ruby, was reared in the North (Illinois), was a private in the U.S. Army. He was thought to be psychotic and prone to violence. He was a bachelor who was purported to be a trafficker in prostitutes.

Boston Corbett had his name changed from Thomas Corbett.

Jack Ruby had his name changed from Jacob Rubenstein.

Booth was killed in the same month (April 26, 1865) as his victim (Lincoln) in a state (North Virginia) adjacent to the state of their birth (Maryland).

Oswald was killed in the same month (November 24, 1963) as his victim (Kennedy) in a state (Texas) adjacent to the state of their birth (Louisiana).

Booth was killed with a single bullet from a Colt revolver and bled to death.

Oswald was killed with a single bullet from a Colt revolver and bled to death. Single pistol bullets rarely kill their victims (Lattimer, p.363)

Booth was killed in a blaze of light from a fire set in front of a burning barn.

Oswald was killed in a blaze of light bulbs in front of television cameras.

Booth died while in police custody before going to trial.

Oswald died while in police custody before going to trial.

Booth was killed before he could learn the full outcome of his murderous act.

Oswald was killed before he could learn the full outcome of his murderous act.

Booth was killed before his version of events could be told.

Oswald was killed before his version of events could be told.

Booth survived for about two hours after being shot.

Oswald survived for about two hours after being shot.

An autopsy was performed to validate Booth's identity.

An autopsy was performed to validate Oswald's identity.

Booth's fame as Lincoln's assassin came posthumously because Booth was killed before it was known for certain he was the assassin.

Oswald's fame as Kennedy's assassin came posthumously because Oswald was killed before it was known for certain he was the assassin.

Access to Booth's body came under extremely tight security after the assassination. Even his family had unusual difficulty accessing his body..

Access to Oswald's body came under extremely tight security after the assassination. Even his family had unusual difficulty accessing his body.

Some conspiracy theorists believed the "real" Booth was not buried in his grave. Years later, his body was exhumed for verification.

Some conspiracy theorists believed the "real" Oswald was not buried in his grave. Years later, his body was exhumed for verification.

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Abraham Lincoln

Their Funerals label.

John F. Kennedy

Lincoln's casket on display.

Kennedy's casket on display.

After Lincoln's state funeral at the U.S. Capitol, the funeral procession with Lincoln's body left Washington, D.C.

For Kennedy's state funeral, Jackie Kennedy insisted her husband's funeral mirror Lincoln's funeral as closely as possible.

In 1856, the construction of the U.S. Capitol Dome began and was occurring when the Civil War began. Construction was briefly halted but the President ordered it to continue because he believed its continuance was a symbol of continuity for the "Citizens of the Union." Construction of the Capitol Dome was completed on December 2, 1863.

The celebrations over the completion of the  U.S. Capitol Dome was occurring when Kennedy was assassinated. The U.S. Capitol Historical Society's printing of a historical guidebook was briefly halted but the Society's President ordered it to continue after adding a tribute to Kennedy's funeral in the Capitol Rotunda. Kennedy lie in state there on November 24, 1963 - almost exactly 100 years after its completion (99 years, 11 months, and 22 days).

Lincoln's funeral services were held in the East Room of the White House where all of the windows, mirrors and chandeliers were draped in black silk.

Kennedy's funeral services were held in the East Room of the White House where all of the windows, mirrors and chandeliers were draped in black silk.

Lincoln's casket was carried on a catafalque and caisson.

Kennedy's casket was carried on the same catafalque and caisson as Lincoln.

Lincoln was buried in a mahogany casket.

Kennedy was buried in a mahogany casket.

Shortly after the funeral, Lincoln's surviving family moved to Georgetown at 3014 N Street (Google map).

Shortly after the funeral, Kennedy's surviving family moved to Georgetown at 3017 N Street (Google map).

In 1862, Lincoln lost a son (Willie) whose casket was exhumed and re-buried next to Lincoln.

In 1963, Kennedy lost a son (Patrick) whose casket was exhumed and re-buried next to Kennedy.

The Lincoln family was eventually all buried together except for one son (Robert Lincoln). The remains of Tad, Edward and Mary Todd were moved to be placed with Willie and Abraham in the family tomb in Springfield, Illinois. Robert oversaw the security of this tomb, but was buried somewhere else himself (Arlington National Cemetery) next to his son Abraham Lincoln II.

The Kennedy family was eventually all buried together except for one son (John Kennedy, Jr.). Jackie Kennedy had the remains of her two infants (Patrick and Arabella) moved to Arlington and herself buried there next to the president. John Kennedy, Jr. was buried somewhere else (at sea) because of Caroline's concerns about any gravesite of his being defaced.

Lincoln's presidential memorial is geographically aligned with the Presidential Memorial of John Kennedy at Arlington National Cemetery across from Memorial Bridge.

Kennedy's Presidential memorial at Arlington National Cemetery is geographically aligned with the Presidential Memorial of Abraham Lincoln across from Memorial Bridge.

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Andrew Johnson

Vice Presidents label.

Lyndon Johnson

Andrew Johnson. Andrew Johnson was Vice President to President Lincoln. He was from the South in his mid-fifties who was older than the President.

Lyndon Johnson. Lyndon Johnson was Vice President to President Kennedy. He was from the South in his mid-fifties who was older than the President. Lyndon Johnson was the first Vice-President from the South since Andrew Johnson - 100 years later.

Johnson was born in '08 not far from Johnson City, Tennessee, into a poor family.

Johnson was born in '08 not far from Johnson City, Texas, into a poor family.

Johnson's father worked as a janitor at the State Bank of North Carolina in Raleigh.

Johnson's father worked as a janitor at Southwest Texas State Teachers College.

Johnson's education was an important influence in his early adult years as a professional tailor.

Johnson's education was an important influence in his early adult years as a professional teacher.

Johnson was a large man who had two daughters and had urethral stones - one of two presidents to ever have them.

Johnson was a large man who had two daughters and had urethral stones - one of two presidents to ever have them.

Johnson was an officer (Brigadier General) in the Civil War and a Southern Democrat who served in the House of Representatives in '47 and was a former U.S. Senator.

Johnson was an officer (Lieutenant Commander) in World War II and a Southern Democrat who served in the House of Representatives in '47 and was a former U.S. Senator.

JJohnson opposed efforts to abolish slavery throughout the '40s and '50s.

JJohnson opposed black civil rights legislation throughout the '40s and '50s.

Johnson was initiated as an Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft in Freemasonry. On May 5, 1851, Johnson was initiated at the Greeneville Masonic Lodge No. 119, in Greenville, Tennessee. After becoming president, Johnson became as Master Mason. In 1859, Johnson joined the Nashville York Rite Commandery of Knights Templar No. 1. In 1867, Johnson received the Scottish Rite degrees in a ceremony at the White House.

Johnson was initiated as an Entered Apprentice in Freemasonry. On October 30, 1937, Johnson was initiated at the Johnson City Masonic Lodge No. 561, in Johnson City, Texas. But a week after his initiation, he won an election as a Representative in Congress and his congressional duties took so much of his time he was unable to pursue advanced masonic degrees.

During the election of '60, in order to recapture Southern votes, Hershel V. Johnson (Governor of Georgia) was chosen as the Vice Presidential candidate with Stephen A. Douglas as the Presidential candidate.

During the election of '60, in order to recapture Southern votes, Lyndon B. Johnson (Senator from Texas) was chosen as the Vice Presidential candidate with John Kennedy as the Presidential candidate.

Lincoln chose Johnson as a running mate with the goal of bringing more widespread appeal to his campaign - called ticket balance. Lincoln, a Northern abolitionist Republican, chose Johnson for his running mate mostly to appeal to Southern, Abolitionist, and Democrats.

Kennedy chose Johnson as a running mate with the goal of bringing more widespread appeal to his campaign - called ticket balance. Kennedy, a Northern liberal Catholic Democrat, chose Johnson for his running mate to appeal to Southern, Protestant, and Democrats.

Johnson became President, not by election, but because of the assassination of his predecessor. Johnson's Presidency was overshadowed from the very beginning in comparison to one of the most impressive presidents in American history - Abraham Lincoln.

Johnson became President, not by election, but because of the assassination of his predecessor. Johnson's Presidency was overshadowed from the very beginning in comparison to one of the most impressive presidents in American history - John F. Kennedy.

President Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 during the time of Reconstruction but Republicans in Congress overrode the presidential veto.

Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson was responsible for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first civil rights legislation passed by the Senate since Reconstruction.

Johnson was a heavy drinker and exhibited crude behavior on occasion.

Johnson was a heavy drinker and exhibited crude behavior on occasion.

Johnson was criticized for what many saw as his callous attitude towards President Lincoln immediately following the assassination.

Johnson was criticized for what many saw as his callous attitude towards President Kennedy immediately following the assassination.

A conspiracy theory arose that Johnson was knowledgeable beforehand of the plot to assassinate the President. First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln was rumored to have accused Johnson of playing a role the assassination plot. When Johnson assumed the Presidency after Lincoln's assassination, he was distrusted by members of the dead President's Cabinet.

A conspiracy theory arose that Johnson was knowledgeable beforehand of the plot to assassinate the President. First Lady Jackie Kennedy was rumored to have accused Johnson of playing a role of the assassination plot. When Johnson assumed the Presidency after Kennedy's assassination, he was distrusted by members of the dead President's Cabinet.

Johnson appointed a commission of inquiry into the assassination but covered up or suppressed incriminating evidence concerning the assassination.

Johnson appointed a commission of inquiry into the assassination but covered up or suppressed incriminating evidence concerning the assassination.

Johnson was faced with the major task of dealing with the problems of a nation (i.e., America) geographically divided after the American Civil War.

Johnson was faced with the major task of dealing with the problems of a nation (i.e., Vietnam) geographically divided during the Vietnamese Civil War.

Johnson had a volatile presidency culminating with impeachment and chose not to run for re-election in '68 leaving the presidency in disgrace. Yet historians regard him as among the "most colorful" of American Presidents.

Johnson had a volatile presidency culminating with the unpopularity of his Vietnam policies and chose not to run for re-election in '68 leaving the presidency in disgrace. Yet historians regard him as among the "most colorful" of American Presidents.

Johnson was opposed for re-election by a man whose last name started with "G" (Grant).

Johnson was opposed for re-election by a man whose last name started with "G" (Goldwater).

Johnson died 10 years after the death of President Lincoln leaving no living former U.S. Presidents.

Johnson died 10 years after the death of President Kennedy leaving no living former U.S. Presidents

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Ulysses S. Grant

Their Veep's Successor label.

Richard M. Nixon

Ulysses S. Grant . Ulysses S. Grant had a mother named Hannah and a father from Ohio who was a Methodist. Grant became a member of the Republican party and was elected President following an unpopular Democratic President whose last name was Johnson (Andrew).

Richard M. Nixon.Richard M. Nixon had a mother named Hannah and a father from Ohio who was a Methodist. Nixon became a member of the Republican party and was elected President following an unpopular Democratic President whose last name was Johnson (Lyndon).

During the American Civil War, General Grant conducted a costly war of attrition against the Confederacy.

During the Vietnam Civil War, President Nixon conducted a costly war of attrition against the Communists.

Grant was elevated to the rank of a 5-star General - the highest ranking General in the U.S. Military. Grant was also a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

Nixon served directly under a 5-star General - the highest ranking General in the U.S. Military - Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower was also a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

In his '68 campaign for President, Grant ran against a Democrat by the name of Horatio Seymour.

In his '68 campaign for President, Nixon ran against a Democrat by the name of Hubert Horatio Humphrey.

Grant was elected President in '68. He was re-elected in '72. He became involved in a scandal in '72. His administration was racked with scandals, most notably, the Whisky Ring scandal. Notice the name of this scandal, "Whisky Ring", refers to a drink involving water.

Nixon was elected President in '68. He was re-elected in '72. He became involved in a scandal in '72. His administration was racked with scandals, most notably, the Watergate scandal. Notice the name of this scandal, "Watergate", refers to a drink involving water.

During Grant’s Presidency, members of his administration took part in illegal activities including tax evasion. Because of this, the term "Grantism" became a common term for political corruption and greed.

During Nixon's Presidency, members of his administration took part in illegal activities including tax evasion. Because of this, the term "Watergate" became a common term for political corruption and greed. Many scandals since Watergate have been labeled with the suffix "-gate" (e.g. "Troopergate").

Grant's Vice President had an unusual name: Schuyler Colfax (pronounced "sky- ler cole-fax").

Nixon's Vice President had an unusual name: Spiro Agnew. His birth name is Spyros Anagnostopoulos; but his Americanized name is pronounced "spear-o ag-new".

In '73, Vice President Schuyler Colfax left office because he was not re-nominated for Vice President under Grant because of criminal charges committed before becoming Vice President.

In '73, Vice President Spiro Agnew left office and resigned under Nixon because of criminal charges committed before becoming Vice President.

William Richardson. In '73, William Richardson (1821-1896) was a cabinet secretary (Treasury) under Grant. Richardson was born in Massachusetts in '21. He was a Republican who graduated from Harvard University. In '74, Richardson was a prominent figure in a major scandal (the Sanborn Incident) and resigned from his position.

Elliot Richardson. In '73, Elliot Richardson (1920-1999) was a cabinet secretary (Health, Education and Welfare) under Nixon. Richardson was born in Massachusetts in '20. He was a Republican who graduated from Harvard University. In '74, Richardson was a prominent figure in a major scandal (Watergate) and resigned from his position.

In '73, Henry Wilson succeeded Schuyler Colfax as Vice President. Then about one year later, Wilson died.

In '73, Gerald Ford succeeded Spiro Agnew as Vice President. The following year Nixon resigned causing Ford to resign the Vice Presidency and assume the Office of President without having ever been elected to that Office.

Allegations of anti-Semitism were brought into question against President Grant mainly because of an anti-Semitic order he issued stating, "The Jews, as a class, violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury Department, and also Department orders, are hereby expelled from the Department." Later, Grant maintained he was unaware a staff officer issued it in his name.

Allegations of anti-Semitism were brought into question against President Nixon mainly because the Watergate tapes revealed anti-Semitic statements Nixon made. Nixon would repeatedly demand to know who in various government organizations was Jewish and said Washington and the IRS were "full of Jews." When speaking of Jewish people in general, Nixon once said, "Most Jews are disloyal" and "you can't trust those bastards". However, several Jewish people worked for Nixon including Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger, speechwriter Ben Stein, and economic adviser Herbert Stein.

Grant wrote his autobiographical "Memoirs" which became an immediate bestseller and is considered among the greatest of military memoirs. Download a free copy of Grants "Memoirs" at www.amazon.com.

Nixon wrote his autobiographical "Memoirs of Richard Nixon" which became a New York Times bestseller.

Grant died in Wilton, New York.

Nixon died in New York City, New York.

RUTHERFORD Birchard Hayes.President Grant was succeeded by

RUTHERFORD Birchard Hayes.

Gerald RUDOLPH FORD. President Nixon was succeeded by

Gerald RUDOLPH FORD.

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Abraham Lincoln

John F. Kennedy

Dr. Luke Broughton. The famous astrologer, Dr. Luke Broughton, predicted the death of President Lincoln in a magazine article in 1864 using the infamous 20-year astrological cycle. Weeks before Lincoln's assassination, the psychic Charles J. Colchester warned Lincoln about a threat on his life. The medium became known to the Lincoln family after he was summoned by first lady Mary Todd Lincoln when she was looking to communicate with her dead 11-year-old son, Willie. But Colchester's source for this information may not have been from psychic powers. Colchester happened to also be one of Booth's drinking companions.

Jeane Dixon. The famous astrologer and psychic, Jeane Dixon, predicted the death of the next U.S. President in Parade magazine article in 1956. In a recurring vision, she would see a black cloud hovering over the White House and Kennedy, the ominous sign having first appeared to her clairvoyant sight 11 years before the fateful event. In another incident, during a meeting at the Ambassador Hotel, Jeane Dixon was asked if Robert Kennedy would ever become President. She responded, "No, he will never become President of the United States because of a tragedy right here in this hotel." Twelve years later, Dixon's prophecy was fulfilled in 1968 when Robert Kennedy was assassinated at the Ambassador Hotel.

NostradamusNostradamus scholars believe Nostradamus wrote numerous quatrains pertaining to the future of the U.S. although the U.S. had not yet to come into existence in his time. One quatain appears to be a prophecy about Lincoln, his accomplishments and his greatness. "The old office (slavery), shall be brought down (the Civil War), by the coming of the great Legislator (Lincoln), He shall be good to the humble (his humble origins) but will vex the rebellious ones (the Confederacy), None like him shall ever be born on this earth."

John HogueAccording to Nostradamus scholar, John Hogue, Nostradamus may have given a prophecy about the rise and assassinations of John and Robert Kennedy, and the psychic Jeane Dixon who predicted them all: "The great man (President Kennedy) will be struck down in the day by a thunderbolt (a bullet from above), The evil deed predicted by the bearer (Jeane Dixon) of a petition (a warning). According to the prediction (by Dixon) another falls at night time (Robert Kennedy). Conflict in Reims (France), London, and pestilence in Tuscany." According to Hogue, Nostradamus dates the time of the assassinations with conflict in France and London which refers to the student riots that occurred from 1968 to 1969. The "pestilence in Tuscany" refers to the 1966 Florence flood when authorities feared that pestilence in Tuscany would follow the disaster.

Lincoln had a close brush with death throughout his life. When he was 7 years old, he fell into a stream and almost drowned. Unable to swim, Lincoln was "almost dead" when his childhood friend pulled him out of the water with a stick.

Kennedy had a close brush with death in World War II when the PT-109 boat he commanded, along with a crew of 11 men, was rammed by a Japanese destroyer. The explosion killed 2 of his men and Kennedy was thrown into the cockpit on his bad back and almost drowned.

Lincoln Curse bookDid a "Lincoln curse" exist? Author Michael Williams makes the case for it in his book called "Stranger Than Fiction: The Lincoln Curse." It is about the true mystery of how four American presidents were assassinated and each time a member of the Lincoln family (Robert Lincoln) was present.

Kennedy Curse bookDid a "Kennedy curse" exist? Author Edward Klein makes the case for it in his book called "The Kennedy Curse: Why Tragedy Has Haunted America's First Family for 150 Years." It is about the true mystery of how the Kennedy family was subjected to such a mind-boggling chain of assassinations and public calamities.

Lincoln was a victim of the so-called "20-year Presidential Death Cycle" - also known as the "Tecumseh Curse" - which is a astrological conjunction of the planets Saturn and Jupiter which occurs roughly every 20 years. In Lincoln's case, his presidency began on March 4, 1861, during which the astrological conjunction occurred on October 25, 1861 which was 235 days into his presidency.

Kennedy was a victim of the so-called "20-year Presidential Death Cycle" - also known as the "Tecumseh Curse" - which is a astrological conjunction of the planets Saturn and Jupiter which occurs roughly every 20 years. In Kennedy's case, his presidency began on January 20, 1961, during which the astrological conjunction occurred on February 18, 1961 which was 29 days into his presidency.

Lincoln was the first U.S. President to be assassinated under the infamous 20-Year Presidential Death Cycle which ran for 120 years, beginning in 1840 and ending in 1960.

Kennedy was the last U.S. President to be assassinated under the infamous 20-Year Presidential Death Cycle which ran for 120 years, beginning in 1840 and ending in 1960. It involved every U.S. President elected or re-elected in 20-year intervals beginning in 1840 had died in office 1840: William Harrison (pneumonia); 1860: Abraham Lincoln (assassination); 1880: James Garfield (assassination); 1900: William McKinley (assassination); 1920: Warren Harding (heart attack); 1940: Franklin Roosevelt (brain hemorrhage); 1960: John Kennedy (assassination).

Spiritualist psychic Nettie Colburn Maynard once warned Lincoln, "The shadows others have told of, still hang over you." Lincoln replied he received letters from spiritualists all over the country warning him of impending doom.

In October 1963, the famous British astrologer, John Pendragin, wrote an urgent letter to President Kennedy warning him of impending doom. The letter was also published in Fate magazine and was on the news stands that fateful day in Dallas. The letter stated, "I would not rule out the possibility of an attempted assassination or worse if he is caught off his guard. Mr. President, I am deeply concerned for your personal safety and would respectfully urge you to strengthen your bodyguard, especially when you are in the streets and other public places."

When Lincoln was 22 years old, he sought the advice of a "Negro oracle" (a Voodoo woman) while in New Orleans with his friend John Hanks. Lincoln asked about "his history, his end, and his fate." Gazing into Lincoln's eyes she made the prophetic statement, "You will be President, and all the negroes will be free." (Source: "The Life of Abraham Lincoln" by Isaac N. Arnold, 31)

The 20-Year Presidential Death Cycle ultimately broke with Ronald Reagan who was elected in 1980 and survived being shot in a March 1981 assassination attempt. It was no secret how the Reagan presidency was literally controlled by astrology and the astrological forces of the cosmos. The Reagans relied heavily on astrology in the making of important decisions in the White House. Reagan's entire schedule was coordinated by an astrologer named Joan Quigley who planned almost all presidential travel, press conferences, and even the president's cancer surgery based on astrology. Many astrologers credit the Reagans' adherence to astrology for "breaking" the 20-year cycle.

In 1864, Lincoln consulted a black prophetess in Georgetown about his future. She retired to a dark room to raise up mystic spirits to speak with them. Afterward, she returned and gave this prophecy to Lincoln, "General Grant will capture Richmond, you will be the next President - but beware of Chase." (Source: Sandburg, Carl. "Abraham Lincoln", 496). Salmon P. Chase was Lincoln’s Secretary of the Treasury till 1864, the year before Lincoln was assassinated. Chase had an insatiable desire for high office. Throughout his term as Treasury Secretary, Chase exploited his position to build up political support for another run at the Presidency in 1864 against Lincoln. He also tried to pressure Lincoln by repeatedly threatening resignation, which he knew would cause Lincoln difficulties with the Radical Republicans. In June 1864, Lincoln surprised Chase by accepting his fourth offer of resignation - perhaps as a result of the black prophetess’ warning.

On May 27, 1968, Robert Kennedy, President Kennedy's brother, gave a speech to the Voice of America and made this prophecy about the future, "Things are moving so fast in race relations a Negro could be President in 40 years." On November 4, 2008, the first black man was elected President - Barack Obama - exactly 40 years, 5 months, 9 days after Robert Kennedy's gave this prophecy.

Months before his death, Lincoln stated, "If I am killed, I can die but once; but to live in constant dread of it, is to die over and over again."

Kennedy was once asked how, if given the choice, he would prefer to die. He replied, "You never know what's hit you. A gunshot is the perfect way."

Days before his assassination, Lincoln had a premonition of his death in a dream in which he saw himself dead in a coffin in the White House.

Days before his assassination, Kennedy was given a premonition of his death from his secretary, Evelyn Lincoln, who said his trip to Dallas could have tragic consequences and urged him not to go.

Lincoln made a prophetic statement when he wrote to his wife to be watchful with their son Tad because Lincoln had experienced an "unpleasant" dream. On the day of his assassination, April 14, 1865, he was so troubled by a dream he actually discussed it at a Cabinet meeting. He told his colleagues he had seen himself sailing "in an indescribable vessel and moving rapidly toward an indistinct shore."

Kennedy made a prophetic statement on the day of his assassination. Kennedy said to Jackie and his personal advisor Ken O'Donnell, "You know, last night would have been a hell of a night to assassinate a President."

Lincoln made a prophetic statement just hours before his death. He said to his bodyguard William H. Crook, "Crook, do you know I believe there are men who want to take my life? And I have no doubt they will do it ... I know no one could do it and escape alive. But if it is to be done, it is impossible to prevent it."

Kennedy made a prophetic statement just hours before his death. He said to his wife Jackie, "If somebody wants to shoot me from a window with a rifle, nobody can stop it, so why worry about it?"

Lincoln was haunted by a ghostly vision of himself which appeared to him on the evening of his Presidential election. While lying on a sofa, he glanced into a large opposing mirror across the room and saw a "ghostly double" image of himself. The ghostly face was paler than his actual image and the image disappeared when he stood up. The vision greatly disturbed him; but with all the election excitement, he dismissed it and laid back down on the sofa. But when glanced at the mirror again, the ghostly double image appeared again with the one face paler than the other. Startled, he stood up and the vision disappeared again. But when it returned once more, he became greatly distressed. A few days later he tried it again and the ghostly double image appeared again - for the last time. Lincoln told his wife about the haunting experience and she believed the vision was a sign he would be elected to a second term but would not survive it.

In another prophetic statement just hours before his death, Kennedy saw a startling picture of himself in a full page ad in the Dallas newspaper published by Ted Dealey (as in Dealey Plaza). Kennedy's picture was ominously bordered in black like an announcement of mourning. It was paid for by a major hate-Kennedy organization based in Dallas. It included a "Wanted for Treason" page complete with a "criminal profile" of Kennedy. Upon seeing the ad, Kennedy's face turned grim and he turned to his wife and said they were "heading into nut country today." Later, still fuming from what he saw, Kennedy said to one of his aides, "You know who's responsible for that ad? Dealey." Then he said something derogatory about Dealey. Hours later, he was assassinated in Dealey Plaza.

When the President's wife (Mary Todd Lincoln) was a young girl, she predicted she would grow up to be the wife of a U.S. President. It happened just as she predicted it would.

When the President's Vice President (Lyndon Johnson) was a young boy, his grandfather predicted Lyndon would grow up to be a U.S. Senator. It happened just as he predicted it would.

The mother of President Lincoln's assassin described having a nightmare while dozing beside the cradle of her infant son, John Wilkes Booth. She watched the infant's hand as it suddenly grew to gigantic size and became the grotesque paw of a monster. Later in life, when John Wilkes was a student at a Quaker School in Cockeysville, Maryland, John Wilkes and some of his friends paid a visit to an old gypsy palm reader who told him, "Oh, you have a bad hand. It is full of trouble and sorrow. You'll die young and you'll make a bad end. Young sir, I have never seen a worse hand. You'd best try to escape by turning missionary or priest." Asia Booth, John Wilkes' sister, recorded both of these prophecies.

The wife of President Kennedy, Jacqueline had a recurring nightmare of her son, John Jr., dying in a plane crash. On July 16, 1999, her nightmare came true when John Jr. was killed in a plane crash at sea.

There have been several reports from credible people who have seen the ghosts of former Presidents haunting the White House. The most popular and most observed ghost is of President Lincoln. Lincoln's ghost, also known as "The White House Ghost," is said to have haunted the White House since his assassination.

President Kennedy was an avid "history buff" and read books on history including ones about President Lincoln. Kennedy frequently said he believed in life after death and claimed to have regularly sought Lincoln's advice on matters of utmost importance.

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Abraham Lincoln

Conclusion label.

John F. Kennedy

Quantum Physics and Reincarnation

 

The highly unusual similarities between Presidents Lincoln and Kennedy cannot be dismissed as mere coincidence. In metaphysical terms, similarities which transcend coincidence are called "synchronicity" - a term invented by the pioneering psychologist Carl Jung. Synchronicity is when apparently unrelated events or patterns repeat in time in a way revealing an even larger, underlying, and more meaningful pattern or framework. By studying synchronistic patterns between the lives of two people, researchers have found underlying evidence suggestive of reincarnation. Dr. Ian Stevenson, for example, studied children with past life memories who had synchronistic evidence to support it - such as an unusual birthmark correlating with the child's past life memory. Cases of synchronicity have been well documented throughout history; but in my opinion, there is no greater historical example of synchronicity and reincarnation than the lives of Lincoln and Kennedy. To examine Stevenson's scientific evidence suggestive of reincarnation, visit the main reincarnation section of this website. The near-death experience itself offers many insights into the mechanics of reincarnation.

According to ancient religious traditions, this underlying, hidden law of "cause and effect" is known as "karma" and it expresses itself through reincarnation. It is the law of "divine justice" found in many religions and is described as "an eye for eye, a tooth for tooth," or "all who draw the sword, will die by the sword," or "a man reaps what he sows." But common sense tells us many people have "drawn the sword" and have gotten away with it scot-free, the logical conclusion is such people must "die by the sword" in some future lifetime. Divine justice demands when we do unto others, the same will eventually be done to us - for the purpose of spiritual instruction. Karma is also popularly known as the principle of "what goes around, comes around" or when something "comes full circle" or "violence begets violence." In everyday terms, karma is like the impersonal law of gravity: what goes up must come down. Apparently, this law of cause and effect exists more for educational purposes rather than a form of punishment as many near-death experiences have learned.

Modern physics is also getting in on the act. Following discussions with both Albert Einstein and Wolfgang Pauli, two founding fathers of quantum theory, Carl Jung believed there were parallels between synchronicity and the relativity of time and its connection to consciousness. Some physicists also see a theoretical grounding for synchronicity in quantum physics, fractal geometry, chaos theory and consciousness. Scientists are discovering how objective reality is more of an illusion than a reality. At deeper levels, everything - atoms, cells, molecules, plants, animals, and people participate in a connected flowing web of information. At the quantum level, the observer becomes a part of the reality he or she observes and the distinction between observer and object disappears. Space and time are concepts we bring with us to the quantum level but they do not seem to exist there. Or if they do, they are created only by means of our observation and our measurements which has subjective meaning only to us but not at the quantum level. Time flows both forward and backward symmetrically according to relativity which is suggestive of the reality of time travel. And because all matter - including our brains and bodies - are mostly composed of empty space because of the structure of atoms held together by atomic energy, a metaphysical case can be made how we are mostly composed of "spirit" - an energy which can neither be created or destroyed only transformed. At the quantum level, location becomes nonlocal where everything can be thought of as being in no particular place at no particular time. What we "see" out there has more to do with our own consciousness and subjective experience than anything which might be "out there". In light of these findings, we must conclude the notion of objective reality is in error. The study of physics has now become the study of our own minds.

There is also the quantum theory of superposition which is a condition where matter can exist in more than one dimension at the same time in parallel universes. Both of these concepts in physics can be used to develop a theory of reincarnation. Physicists have demonstrated how two particles can be separated from each other - even billions of light-years away - a change in one particle instantly creates a simultaneous change in the other particle as if they were connected somehow. This phenomenon called "quantum entanglement" which Einstein called "spooky actions from a distance" and is suggestive of an underlying reality which physicists have not yet been able to explain although there are many theories. One of the most compelling theories is called the holographic principle which defines the universe as a single, gigantic hologram where everything is connected to everything else including our minds. Metaphysically speaking, our brains generate mental pictures in the form of holograms commonly known as our "mind's eye." The holonomic brain theory originated from one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th century, David Bohm, and neurophysiologist Karl Pribram who independently (i.e., synchronistically) arrived at holographic models of the universe and mind at the same time. This holographic model may be the basis for all mystical experiences. The holographic model is part of a new emerging paradigm called "holism" (the opposite of reductionism) and is the idea that natural systems (physical, biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic, etc.) and their properties, should be viewed as wholes, not the sum of its parts. A corresponding theory of consciousness (known as "Orch-OR") was developed by the joint work of theoretical physicist, Sir Roger Penrose, and anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff. Like David Bohm and Karl Pribram before them, Penrose and Hameroff developed their theories quite separately from one another (i.e., synchronistically). Penrose approached the problem of consciousness from the view point of mathematics, while Hameroff approached it from his career in anesthesia which gave him an interest in brain structures. These scientific theories can be used to develop a quantum theory of reincarnation.

Jung theorized how synchronicity serves a role similar to dreams, with the purpose of shifting a person's egocentric conscious thinking to greater wholeness. Jung was transfixed by the idea of life not being a series of random events but rather an expression of a deeper order, which he and Wolfgang Pauli referred to as "one world" - a term referring to the concept of an underlying unified reality of the universe from which everything emerges and returns to. Jung believed this principle of an underlying "world" can express itself through synchronicity and reincarnation and is the basis for quantum mysticism, quantum mind and quantum cognition. Quantum consciousness is the theory of the existence of an underlying consciousness or intelligence connecting everyone, based on the fact quantum fields can be interpreted as extending infinitely in space. Jung referred to this connection between all lives as "the collective unconscious." These theories also support the ideas of a many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics and its corresponding many-minds theory - both of which means everything could well be anywhere at the same time. Quantum immortality is theoretically possible which also means reincarnation is theoretically possible.

In conclusion, quantum mechanics may offer a mechanism for the survival of personality by which memories and emotions could carry over from one life to another. Because the act of observation causes waves of light to become particles, consciousness may not be merely a by-product of the physical brain but rather a nonlocal entity in the universe which influences the physical. If we view consciousness as a fundamental, non-physical, part of the universe it becomes possible to conceive of consciousness continuing to exist after the death of the physical brain. A good analogy of this is the relationship between a television set and the television transmission; the television is required to decode the signal, but it does not create the signal. In a similar way the brain may be required for consciousness to express itself, but may not be the source of consciousness. And because there are so many theories in physics supporting possible theories of reincarnation - not to mention the other fields of research - it is safe to assume reincarnation is certainly within the realm of possibilities.

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"All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts, his acts being seven ages." - William Shakespeare

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Irreducible Mind: Toward a Psychology for the 21st Century
by Edward Kelly, Ph.D., Emily Kelly, Ph.D. et al

Why God Won't Go Away book cover.

Why God Won't Go Away: Brain Science and the Biology of Belief
by Andrew Newberg, Ph.D., Eugene D'Aquili, Vince Rause

Afterlife book cover.

Afterlife: A Guided Tour of Heaven and Its Wonders
by Emanuel Swedenborg and Donald Rose

Synchronicity, Signs & Symbols book cover.

Synchronicity, Signs & Symbols
by Patricia Rose Upczak, Anne E. Garcia, Polly Palmer

Handbook to the Afterlife book cover.

Handbook to the Afterlife
by Pamela Rae Heath

The Sync Book book cover.

The Sync Book: Myths, Magic, Media, and Mindscapes: 26 Authors on Synchronicity
by Alan Abbadessa, Andras Jones, Crystal Kanarr, et al